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See also: and か゚
Hiragana letter Ga.svg
U+304C, が
HIRAGANA LETTER GA
Composition: [U+304B] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+304B]
Hiragana
[U+304D]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

The hiragana character (ka) with a dakuten ().

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ŋa̠] (morpheme-medial alternative pronunciation)

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ga)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ga). Its equivalent in katakana is (ga).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Japonic *-nka. Compare with Burmese က (ka., subject marker), Korean (ga, subject marker).

Particle[edit]

(ga

  1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
    (ねこ)(えさ)()べた
    Neko ga esa o tabeta.
    The cat [is the thing that] ate the cat food.
    (いぬ)いる。
    Inu ga iru.
    There is a dog.
    ()ある。
    Ki ga aru.
    There is a tree.
  2. (formal) conjunction ("but")
    Synonym: けれども (keredomo)
    (いぬ)()きだ(ねこ)(きら)いだ。
    Inu wa suki da ga, neko wa kirai da.
    I like dogs but I hate cats.
  3. (formal) Used to introduce a new topic into the discussion.
    Synonym: けれども (keredomo)
    先日(せんじつ)(けん)です []
    senjitsu no ken desu ga, []
    About that thing from yesterday; []
  4. (literary or Kagoshima) possessive used to connect nouns, most often seen in place names as .
    (われ)(われ)(こころ)
    wareware ga kokoro
    our [collective] heart
    ()()()(おか)
    Fujimigaoka
    Fuji View Hill
    (せき)(はら)
    Sekigahara
    Gateway Plains (site of the Battle of Sekigahara)
    おやっ
    oyagga
    father's (Kagoshima dialect)
    あにょ
    anyoga
    brother's (Kagoshima dialect)
  5. Used after interjected nouns to express contempt.
    このくそ
    Kono kuso ga!
    Fucker!
Usage notes[edit]
  • Words that continue to be used with the literary possessive today include まま (mama) and ため (tame).
    ()れるままiwareru ga mama(doing) as one is told
    (きみ)ためkimi ga tame nifor you
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (literary possessive): (ga)
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun] picture, drawing, painting
[noun] movie, film, video
[suffix] genre or style of painting
4
[affix] bud; sprout; shoot
6
[noun] the ego, self
[noun] self-righteousness
[noun] (Buddhism) obstinacy
[noun] (Hinduism) atman
[affix] self, oneself, myself
[affix] egotism, selfishness
[affix] (Buddhism) atman
S
[affix] an animal's fang or tusk
[affix] an elephant's tusk: ivory
[affix] a tooth
S
[affix] roof tile
[affix] Used phonetically.
S
[adjective] elegant
[noun] elegance
S
[affix] hungry; hunger
J
[affix] to bend down; to lie down; to prostrate
J
[affix] sudden, abrupt, unexpected
J
[noun] vehicle; horse-drawn carriage
H
[noun] a moth (insect similar to a butterfly)
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as が.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , .)


Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Ryukyuan *ga, from Proto-Japonic *-nka (nominative and genitive case marker). Cognate with Japanese (ga).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ga)

  1. genitive case marker
    1. Indicates possession: of, -'s
       (あり)書物 (しむち)
      ari-ga shimuchi
      His book
  2. nominative case marker
    1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
       (あり) ()ゃん。
      Ari-ga chan.
      He came.
      学生 (がくそー)毎日 (めーなち)学校 (がっこー)んかい ()ちゃびーん。
      Gakusō-ga mēnachi gakkō-nkai ichabīn.
      The students go to school everyday.
  3. particle indicating purpose/intent; for; to
     (いゆ) (とぅ) ()ちゅん。
    Iyu tui-ga ichun.
    I will go (to) catch a fish.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (ga) is used for personal names or pronouns, (nu) is used otherwise. See *ga for details.

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Japanese (ka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ga)

  1. final interrogative particle, similar to a question mark ("?"). Appear only in wh-questions,but followed by やー can be used in other interrogations.
    今日 (ちゅー) (ぬー)さびた
    Chū-ya nū sabitaga?
    What did you do today?

References[edit]

  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.