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See also: and か゚
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai GA.png
U+304C, が
HIRAGANA LETTER GA
Composition: [U+304B] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+304B]
Hiragana
[U+304D]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

The hiragana character (ka) with a dakuten ().

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡa̠]
  • IPA(key): [ŋa̠] (morpheme-medial alternative pronunciation)

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ga)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ga). Its equivalent in katakana is (ga).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Japonic *-nka.

Particle[edit]

(ga)

  1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
    (ねこ)(えさ)()べた
    Neko ga esa o tabeta.
    The cat [is the thing that] ate the cat food.
    (いぬ)いる。
    Inu ga iru.
    There is a dog.
    ()ある。
    Ki ga aru.
    There is a tree.
  2. conjunction ("but")
    (いぬ)()きだ(ねこ)(きら)いだ。
    Inu wa suki da ga, neko wa kirai da.
    I like dogs but I hate cats.
  3. (historical, now Kagoshima) possessive used to connect nouns, most often seen in place names as .
    (われ)(われ)(こころ)
    wareware ga kokoro
    our [collective] heart
    富士見(ふじみ)(おか)
    Fujimigaoka
    Fuji View Hill
    (せき)(はら)
    Sekigahara
    Gateway Plains (site of the Battle of Sekigahara)
    おやっ
    oyagga
    father's
    あにょ
    anyoga
    brother's
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (historical possessive): (ga)
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun]picture, drawing, painting
4
[affix]bud; sprout; shoot
5
[noun]congratulation
6
[noun]the ego, self
[noun]self-righteousness
[noun](Buddhism) obstinacy
[noun](Hinduism) atman
[affix]self, oneself, myself
[affix]egotism, selfishness
[affix](Buddhism) atman
S
[affix]an animal's fang or tusk
[affix]an elephant's tusk: ivory
[affix]a tooth
S
[affix]roof tile
[affix]Used phonetically.
S
[adjective]elegant
[noun]elegance
S
[affix]hungry; hunger
J
[affix]to bend down; to lie down; to prostrate
J
[affix]sudden, abrupt, unexpected
J
J
[noun]vehicle; horse-drawn carriage
H
[noun]a moth (insect similar to a butterfly)
H
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading が.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Ryukyuan *ga, from Proto-Japonic *-nka (nominative and genitive case marker). Cognate with standard Japanese (ga).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ga)

  1. genitive case marker
    1. Indicates possession: of, -'s
       (あり)書物 (しむち)
      ari-ga shimuchi
      His book
  2. nominative case marker
    1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
       (あり) ()ゃん。
      Ari-ga chan.
      He came.
      学生 (がくそー)毎日 (めーなち)学校 (がっこー)んかい ()ちゃびーん。
      Gakusō-ga mēnachi gakkō-nkai ichabīn.
      The students go to school everyday.
  3. particle indicating purpose/intent; for; to
     (いゆ) (とぅ) ()ちゅん。
    Iyu tui-ga ichun.
    I will go (to) catch a fish.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (ga) is used for personal names or pronouns, (nu) is used otherwise. See *ga for details.

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with standard Japanese (ka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ga)

  1. final interrogative particle, similar to a question mark ("?").
    今日 (ちゅー) (ぬー)さびた
    Chū-ya nū sabitaga?
    What did you do today?

References[edit]

  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.