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See also:
U+8CC0, 賀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CC0
貿
[U+8CBF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CC1]

Translingual

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賀 in several fonts

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 154, +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大口月山金 (KRBUC), four-corner 46806, composition )

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1207, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1671, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3636, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8CC0

Chinese

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trad.
simp.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɡaːls) : phonetic (OC *kraːl) + semantic (shellfish money).

Pronunciation

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Note: ho3 - variant (rare).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter haH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ho6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ haH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˁaj-s/
English congratulate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5862
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːls/

Definitions

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  1. to congratulate
      ―  qìng  ―  to celebrate; congratulate
  2. a surname
      ―  Zhīzhāng  ―  He Zhizhang / He Chih-chang (a Chinese poet, one of the Eight Immortals of the Wine Cup)

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. congratulate, greet, celebrate

Readings

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC haH).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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() (ga (いわい) (iwai

  1. congratulation

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja

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(ha) (hangeul , revised ha, McCune–Reischauer ha, Yale ha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: hạ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.