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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土口廿口 (GRTR) or X土口廿口 (XGRTR), four-corner 40461, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 205, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 427, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 672, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5609

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣa/ /ka/ /ka/ /kɯa/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiā ‹  › /*kˤ<r>aj/ excellent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5872 1 /*kraːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. excellent, good
  2. joyful
  3. auspicious
  4. to praise, commend

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. ka, ga
  2. jia, chia
  3. yoshi

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gia)

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