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U+8304, 茄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8304

[U+8303]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8305]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +5, 9 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 8 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿大尸口 (TKSR), four-corner 44460, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1026, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1485, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3198, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8304

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
茄-seal.svg 茄-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡa, *ɡal, *kraːl): semantic (grass; plant) + phonetic (OC *kraːl).

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • 3ga - vernacular;
  • 3jjia - literary.
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • jia2 - vernacular;
    • jie2 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiɛ³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰiɛ²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰie⁴⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰiə⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiə²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiɛ²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰie⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰie²¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰye²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰie²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰye²⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰye⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ga²³/
    Suzhou /gɑ¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/ ~子
    /d͡ʑiɑ²¹³/ 番~
    Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰya⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕie¹³/
    /t͡ɕia¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑyo¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰio¹¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰio¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɛ²¹/
    Nanning /kʰɛ²¹/
    Hong Kong /kʰɛ²¹/
    /ka⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kio³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyo⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiɔ³³/
    /ka⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kio⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kio³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (96)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨa/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡǐɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qié
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3
    No. 5866 5867
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡa/ /*ɡal/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (now in compounds or dialectal) eggplant; aubergine
        ―  qiézi  ―  eggplant
        ―  qié  ―  mushed eggplant
        ―  fānqié  ―  tomato (literally, “foreign eggplant”)
    2. (Cantonese) Short for 番茄 (faan1 ke4-2, “tomato”).
      車厘 / 车厘 [Cantonese]  ―  ce1 lei4 ke4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  cherry tomato
      [Cantonese]  ―  ke4-2 daan6-2 zi6 [Jyutping]  ―  tomato and egg sandwich
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ka/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ka/
    Wang
    Li
    /ka/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ka/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiā
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 5881
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. lotus stem
    2. (historical) A state in modern Anhui

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms 𡲢

    Compare:

    Bauer (1996) does not consider this to be a loan from Tai.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese, colloquial) poop (Classifier: c)
      [Cantonese]  ―  o1 ke1 [Jyutping]  ―  to poop
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) Used in transcription.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. eggplant

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (ka)
    • Kun: なす (nasu, )

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (ga))

    1. eggplant

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: già, nhà, nhu, như, nhựa, , gia

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.