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U+7CDE, 糞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CDE

[U+7CDD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7CDF]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 火木田廿金 (FDWTC), four-corner 90801, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 912, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1339, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3158, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7CDE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯns
*pɯns, *pʰɯns

 + .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/piunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/punH/
Li
Rong
/piuənH/
Wang
Li
/pĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjunH ›
Old
Chinese
/*p[u]r-s/
English manure, dirt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. manure, dung, night soil

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い(kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る(kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit
Usage notes[edit]

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. crappy, for shit: a derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

/pun//fun/

From Middle Chinese (pjunH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふん, katakana フン, romaji fun)

  1. animal excrement, droppings
Usage notes[edit]

This noun specifically refers to the excrement of non-human animals; for human excrement, the term 大便(daiben) is used.

Due to the complicated nature of this kanji, this word is often written in katakana instead.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bun) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phẩn, phân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.