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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 火木田廿金 (FDWTC), four-corner 90801)

  1. manure, dung, night soil

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 912, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1339, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3158, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7CDE

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping fan3, Yale fan3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い (kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る (kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit
Usage notes[edit]

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. crappy, for shit: a derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

/pun//fun/

From Middle Chinese (pjunH).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふん, katakana フン, romaji fun)

  1. animal excrement, droppings
Usage notes[edit]

This noun specifically refers to the excrement of non-human animals; for human excrement, the term 大便 (daiben) is used.

Due to the complicated nature of this kanji, this word is often written in katakana instead.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bun) (hangeul , revised bun, McCune-Reischauer pun, Yale pun)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin fèn (fen4), sān (san1), Wade-Giles fen4, san1)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phẩn, phân)

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