下手

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Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

 
under; next; lower; below; underneath; down(wards); to go down; latter
hand; convenient; ‑er
simp. and trad.
(下手)
alt. forms 下首 “player”
anagram 手下

Note:
  • xiàshǒur - “player; assistant”.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Noun[edit]

    下手

    1. player whose turn comes next
    2. (colloquial) assistant; aide
      需要旁邊下手 [MSC, trad.]
      需要旁边下手 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ xūyào yǒu rén zài wǒ pángbiān bāng wǒ dǎxiàshǒu. [Pinyin]
      I need someone by my side to help me.
    3. Alternative form of 下首 (xiàshǒu, “side of lower priority or less honour”).
    Synonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Verb[edit]

    下手

    1. to start doing something; to take action; to go about something
      知道如何下手 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Wǒ bù zhīdào rúhé xiàshǒu. [Pinyin]
      I don't know how to go about it.
    2. to commit a crime
    Synonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: 1 Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Probably a semantic shift from (heta, edge of something), referring metaphorically to the edge of one's abilities or knowledge.[1]

    The kanji spelling appears to be an instance of jukujikun (熟字訓).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    下手 (-na inflection, hiragana へた, rōmaji heta)

    1. unskilled, bad at, poor at, weak at, incompetent
    2. superficial, halfhearted, half-assed, careless
    3. smaller or lesser in degree
    Inflection[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    下手 (hiragana へた, rōmaji heta)

    1. a mistake, a poor result, a screwup
       (だい) () (ところ) () ()をやったな。
      Daiji na tokoro de heta o yatta na.
      Well, you really made a mistake right when it was important.

    Verb[edit]

    下手する (hiragana へたする, rōmaji heta suru)

    1. to make a mistake, to screw up
    Conjugation[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    した
    Grade: 1

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (shita, down; under; lower) +‎ (te, hand).[1][2][5]

    Occasionally encountered with rendaku (連濁), where the -te ending changes to -de.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    下手 (-na inflection, hiragana したで, rōmaji shitade)

    1. humble
    Usage notes[edit]

    The shitade reading is more common for the adjective sense.

    Inflection[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    下手 (hiragana したて, rōmaji shitate)

    1. the lower part, especially downstream or downwind
      Synonym: 下手 (shimote) (see below)
      Antonym: 上手 (uwate)
    2. someone at a disadvantage or lower relative to another person, in terms of rank or ability
      Antonym: 上手 (uwate)
    3. (sumo) an underhand or lower hand hold, in which the wrestler's hand or arm is underneath or on the inside of the opponent's hand or arm
      Antonym: 上手 (uwate)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しも
    Grade: 1

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (shimo, lower) +‎ (te, hand).[1][2][5]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    下手 (hiragana しもて, rōmaji shimote)

    1. downstream; the lower portion of a slope
      Antonym: 上手 (kamite)
    2. (theater) downstage, specifically the left side of the stage as viewed from the audience
      Antonym: 上手 (kamite)

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くだ(り)
    Grade: 1

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Compound of 下り (kudari, descending, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 下る (kudaru, to descend, to go down)) +‎ (te, hand; side, direction).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    下手 (hiragana くだりて, rōmaji kudarite)

    1. (uncommon) cheap, low-quality goods
      Synonym: 安物 (yasumono)

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    しゅ
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 下手 (MC ɦˠaX|ɦˠaH ɕɨuX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    下手 (hiragana げしゅ, rōmaji geshu)

    1. (uncommon) someone of low status or rank

    Verb[edit]

    下手する (hiragana げしゅする, rōmaji geshu suru)

    1. (uncommon) to lower one's hand onto something, to set one's hand onto something
    Conjugation[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. 5.0 5.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN