manure

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English manuren ‎(to manure), from Old French manovrer (whence also English maneuver), from Vulgar Latin *manuoperare ‎(work by hand), from Latin manu ‎(by hand) + operari ‎(to work).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

manure ‎(third-person singular simple present manures, present participle manuring, simple past and past participle manured)

  1. To cultivate by manual labor; to till; hence, to develop by culture.
    • Surrey
      to whom we gave the strand for to manure
    • John Donne
      Manure thyself then; to thyself be improved; / And with vain, outward things be no more moved.
  2. To apply manure (as fertilizer or soil improver).
    The farmer manured his fallow field.
    • Shakespeare
      The blood of English shall manure the ground.

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Noun[edit]

manure ‎(countable and uncountable, plural manures)

  1. Animal excrement, especially that of common domestic farm animals and when used as fertilizer. Generally speaking, from cows, horses, sheep, pigs and chickens.
    • 2014 April 21, Mary Keen, “You can still teach an old gardener new tricks: Even the hardiest of us gardeners occasionally learn useful new techniques [print version: Gardening is always ready to teach even the hardiest of us a few new tricks, 19 April 2014]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Gardening)[1], page G7:
      [T]he very wet winter will have washed much of the goodness out of the soil. Homemade compost and the load of manure we get from a friendly farmer may not be enough to compensate for what has leached from the ground.
  2. Any fertilizing substance, whether of animal origin or not.
    • Sir Humphry Davy
      Malt dust consists chiefly of the infant radicle separated from the grain. I have never made any experiment upon this manure; but there is great reason to suppose it must contain saccharine matter; and this will account for its powerful effects.

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