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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
方-orderPRC.gif
Taiwanese stroke order
方-tbw.png
Taiwanese
stroke order
方-torder.gif

Etymology 1[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
方-oracle.svg 方-bronze.svg 方-silk.svg 方-bigseal.svg 方-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - the hilt. As in 方 itself, and . Compare .

Etymology 2[edit]

Left part of . As in and .

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹尸 (YHS), four-corner 00227)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 481, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13620
  • Dae Jaweon: page 842, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2172, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65B9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bʉɐŋ/ /bʱiwaŋ/ /biuaŋ/ /bʷiɐŋ/ /buaŋ/ /bĭwaŋ/ /biuɑŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʉɐŋ/ /piwaŋ/ /piuaŋ/ /pʷiɐŋ/ /puaŋ/ /pĭwaŋ/ /piuɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fāng ‹ pjang › /*C-paŋ/ square
fāng ‹ pjang › /*paŋ/ method
fāng ‹ pjang › /*paŋ/ just, then

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3023 0 /*paŋ/ 甲金文象槳即榜初文,下初爲單筆,猶旂左初亦作單杆
3056 0 /*baŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. square; rectangle
  2. aspect; side
  3. place; region
  4. method; way
  5. prescription
  6. (mathematics) power
  7. aspect; side
      ―  fāngmiàn  ―  aspect; side
  8. region
  9. (literary) just now
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. direction
  2. person
  3. alternative

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(pjang).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほう, romaji , historical hiragana はう)

  1. direction, way, side

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かた
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かた, romaji kata)

  1. person (a polite version of (ひと, hito))
    あの (かた)
    Ano kata.
    That person. (polite)
    あの (かた)はどなたですか。
    Ano kata wa donata desu ka.
    Who is that gentleman? (formal)
Synonyms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana かた, romaji -kata)

  1. way, method (of doing)

Etymology 3[edit]

pe > ɸe > we > e.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -e, historical hiragana )

  1. a suffix expressing location, direction, or time
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
さま
Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(sa, that, pronominal indicating a person, place, thing, or direction in the middle distance) +‎ ‎(ma, likeness, way, similarity, suffix indicating a quality).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さま, romaji sama)

  1. a person's appearance (as of body, or style, or face, etc.)
  2. the state or situation of a thing
  3. the general trend, tenor, or feel of a thing
  4. one's social station, status, or quality
  5. the way or means of doing something, how one does something
  6. the reason or circumstances for something

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bang, McCune-Reischauer: pang, Yale: pang)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phương, vuông, quách)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.