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U+65B9, 方
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65B9

[U+65B8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65BA]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
方-orderPRC.gif
Taiwanese stroke order
方-tbw.png
Taiwanese
stroke order
方-torder.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹尸 (YHS), four-corner 00227, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #70, (square).

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 481, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13620
  • Dae Jaweon: page 842, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2172, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65B9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
方-oracle.svg 方-bronze.svg 方-silk.svg 方-bigseal.svg 方-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːŋ
*paːŋʔ, *praːŋs, *braːŋ
*paːŋʔ, *braːŋ
*paːŋʔ
*paːŋʔ, *paːŋs, *baːŋ
*paːŋs, *braːŋ
*paːŋs, *paŋs
*paːŋs
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ, *pʰraːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋʔ, *baːŋ
*baːŋ, *pʰaŋʔ
*baːŋ, *paŋ, *paŋs
*baːŋ, *baŋ
*baːŋ, *braːŋ
*baːŋ, *praːŋ, *braːŋ
*baːŋ, *baːŋs
*baːŋ
*baːŋ
*baːŋs
*praːŋ
*praːŋ
*praːŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ, *pʰaŋs
*paŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ
*paŋʔ
*paŋʔ
*paŋʔ, *paŋs
*paŋʔ
*pʰaŋ
*pʰaŋ
*pʰaŋ, *pʰaŋs
*pʰaŋʔ
仿 *pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋs
*baŋ, *baŋs
*baŋ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + (sword)blade; tip of a blade. Original form of (OC *maːŋ, *maŋ, “awn (of cereal); tip (of blade)”); later borrowed to mean “side”. Other theories regarding the origin of this character also exist.

It is unrelated to (“fluttering flag”), from which characters like (OC *ɡɯ, “flag”) and (OC *ɡ·raʔ, “troops”) are derived.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “seems to have several different etyma”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hng - vernacular (“prescription; place”);
  • png/puiⁿ - vernacular (surname);
  • hong - literary.
Note:
  • bang1 - vernacular (“square; power; unit of measurement”);
  • hng1 - vernacular (“prescription”);
  • bung1 - vernacular (surname);
  • huang1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (1)
Final () (106) (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bʉɐŋ/ /pʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷiɐŋ/ /pʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuɑŋ/ /piuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buaŋ/ /puaŋ/
Li
Rong
/biuaŋ/ /piuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭwaŋ/ /pĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱiwaŋ/ /piwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fáng fāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fāng fāng fāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjang › ‹ pjang › ‹ pjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*C-paŋ/ /*paŋ/ /*paŋ/
English square method just, then

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3023 3056
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paŋ/ /*baŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. parallel; side by side
  2. parallel boats
  3. raft made of bamboo
  4. to match; to be equal to
  5. to compare; to set side by side
  6. to differentiate; to discriminate
  7. to occupy; to take up
  8. (mathematics) square; rectangle; cube
  9. side; aspect; party
      ―  fāngmiàn  ―  aspect; side
  10. place; region; locality
  11. orientation; direction
  12. all sides; all directions
  13. law; rule; reason
  14. method; way
  15. sort; category; kind
  16. moral principle and knowledge; learning
  17. earth; solid earth; ground
  18. (traditional Chinese medicine) prescription
  19. (mathematics) power
    • 238  ―  2 de 3 cìfāng shì 8.  ―  2 to the third power is 8.
  20. (mathematics) Short for 平方米 (píngfāngmǐ, “Classifier for square metre.”).
  21. (mathematics) Short for 立方米 (lìfāngmǐ, “Classifier for cubic metre.”).
  22. circumference; perimeter
  23. upright; honest; irreproachable
  24. just; just when; at the time when; just now; now
  25. just; only
  26. at (a specific time)
  27. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. direction
  2. person
  3. alternative

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (pjang).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほう, romaji , historical hiragana はう)

  1. direction, way, side
  2. moreso (preceded by ~の, often followed by ~が)
    この時計 (とけい) (ほう)がそのより (たか)いです。
    Kono tokei no ga sono yori takai desu.
    This watch is more expensive than that [one].

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かた
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かた, romaji kata)

  1. (polite) person
    あの (かた)
    Ano kata.
    That person. (polite)
    あの (かた)はどなたですか。
    Ano kata wa donata desu ka.
    Who is that gentleman? (formal)
Synonyms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana かた, romaji -kata)

  1. way, method (of doing)

Etymology 3[edit]

pe > ɸe > we > e.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -e, historical hiragana )

  1. a suffix expressing location, direction, or time
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
さま
Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (sa, that, pronominal indicating a person, place, thing, or direction in the middle distance) +‎ (ma, likeness, way, similarity, suffix indicating a quality).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さま, romaji sama)

  1. a person's appearance (as of body, or style, or face, etc.)
  2. the state or situation of a thing
  3. the general trend, tenor, or feel of a thing
  4. one's social station, status, or quality
  5. the way or means of doing something, how one does something
  6. the reason or circumstances for something

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bang)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: bang, McCune-Reischauer: pang, Yale: pang)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phương, vuông, quách)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.