西方

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Chinese[edit]

west
 
square; quadrilateral; place
square; quadrilateral; place; region; direction; side; method; way; prescription; power; upright; just
simp. and trad.
(西方)
西

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (16) (1)
Final () (39) (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sei/ /pʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/sei/ /pʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛi/ /piuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛj/ /puaŋ/
Li
Rong
/sei/ /piuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/siei/ /pĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siei/ /piwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西 西
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sej › ‹ sej › ‹ pjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-nˁər/ /*s-nˁər/ /*C-paŋ/
English west west square

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 13236 3023
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*sɯːl/ /*paŋ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

西方

  1. west
  2. (Buddhism) Alternative name for 西天 (xītiān, “Western Paradise”).

Proper noun[edit]

西方

  1. the Western world; the West

Usage notes[edit]

The Standard Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese defines 西方 (xīfāng) in the modern sense as being made up of the various developed capitalist countries, which includes Japan. However, Japan is generally not considered a Western country by the average native speaker of Chinese.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (西方):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
せい
Grade: 2
ほう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

西(せい)(ほう) (seihō

  1. west, western area

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term
西

Noun[edit]

西方

  1. Hán tự form of tây phương (west).