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U+5DE6, 左
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE6

[U+5DE5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE7]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
左-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大一 (KM), four-corner 40011, composition𠂇)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8720
  • Dae Jaweon: page 626, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 411, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DE6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
左-bronze.svg 左-bigseal.svg 左-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls
*ʔsaːls
*ʔslaːls
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sʰlaːlʔ
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sraːl, *ʔsraːls
*sʰlaːl, *slaːl
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *sʰreːls
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *ʔslɯl
*zlaːl, *sʰraːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral, *zral
*slaːlʔ, *sʰral, *sʰlaːɡ
*slaːlʔ
*ʔsljal
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːls, *sʰral
*sʰraːl
*zraːl, *zraːlʔ
*zlals

Originally as 𠂇 in the oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – a left hand. Compare (“right hand”).

Late bronze inscription forms show an added (“work; to assist?”) component, i.e. the current form is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls): phonetic 𠂇 + semantic , representing the original form of (OC *ʔsaːls, “to assist”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chó/chó͘ - literary;
  • chó - vernacular (Quanzhou).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suo²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡suo²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡suo¹³/
Jinan /t͡suə²¹/
Qingdao /t͡suə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡suo⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡suo⁵³/
Xining /t͡su⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡suə⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡suə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡suɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡suo⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡so⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡so⁴²/
Kunming /t͡so⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡so²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sɤ⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suɤ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡su³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡so⁵³/
Wenzhou /tɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡so³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡so³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡so⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡so⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡so²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡so³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡so³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɔ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡so⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡so³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡so⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /to²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (13)
Final () (94) (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡saX/ /t͡saH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuǒ zuò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuǒ zuǒ zuǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsaX › ‹ tsaX › ‹ tsaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˤa[j]ʔ/ /*tsˤa[j]ʔ/ /*tsˤarʔ-s/
English left (side) assist assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 18004 18006
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːlʔ/ /*ʔsaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. left (direction)
      ―  zuǒshǒu  ―  left hand
  2. east; areas to the east
  3. (historical) inferior position
  4. unorthodox; wrong
  5. different; divided; inconsistent
  6. (politics) left-wing
  7. A surname​.

Antonyms[edit]

  • (yòu, “right”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/hidari/: *[pidari] → [ɸidari] → [çidari].

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひだり, romaji hidari)

  1. (direction) left, the side of the left hand
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 229)
      Fidari. ヒダリ (左) 左手, または, 左の方
  2. (politics) a leftist
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji sa)

  1. the left in vertical writing
  2. the following (one)
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      吾輩 (わがはい)はまず (かれ)がどのくらい無学 (むがく)であるかを (ため)してみようと (おも)って ()問答 (もんどう)をして ()た。
      Wagahai wa mazu kare ga dono kurai mugaku de aru ka o tameshite miyō to omotte sa no mondō o shite mita.
      To judge just how uneducated he was, I posed the following question.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Sound: [t͡ɕwɐ]
  • Name: [øn]/[we̞n]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chwa, Yale: cwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: oen, McCune-Reischauer: oen, Yale: oyn)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tả, , huy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.