Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人大口 (OKR) or X人大口 (XOKR), four-corner 24260, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 507
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 131, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F51

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷɯs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs).

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs, “right”).

“Right” and “left” are metaphors for “to assist” via the following semantic development: “left or right” > “to be on the left or right of a person” > “to assist, to help, to protect”.

Compare the derivation of (OC *ʔsaːls, “to assist; to help”) from (OC *ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls, “left”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɨuH/ /ɦiuH/ /ɣiəuH/ /ɦuwH/ /ɣiuH/ /ɣĭəuH/ /i̯ə̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yòu ‹ hjuwH › /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s/ assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15605 0 /*ɢʷɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to assist; to help; to protect
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.