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See also:
U+9BAA, 鮪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BAA

[U+9BA9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BAB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195, +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火大月 (NFKB), four-corner 24327, composition)

  1. kind of sturgeon,

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1469, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46126
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4685, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9BAA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjwiX/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuiX/
Wang
Li
/ɣwiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wěi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wěi
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷrəʔ/
English sturgeon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Chinese paddlefish or Chinese swordfish; Psephurus gladius
  2. tuna

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. tuna

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
まぐろ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(まぐろ) (maguro

  1. a tuna (fish of the genus Thunnus)
    Hypernym: (saba)
  2. (colloquial) Short for 黒鮪 (kuromaguro): a Pacific bluefin tuna, Thunnus orientalis
  3. (slang) a dead fish (a sexual partner who lies flat during sex)
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as マグロ.

Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しび
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

⟨sibi1 → */sibʲi//ɕibi/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

(しび) (shibi

  1. (obsolete) a tuna
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 110)
      意布袁余志(おふをよし)斯毘(しび)都久阿麻余(つくあまよ)斯賀阿禮婆(しがあれば)宇良胡本斯祁牟(うらこほしけむ)斯毘(しび)都久志毘(つくしび) [Man'yōgana]
      (おふ)()よししび()海人(あま)()()ればうら()ほしけむしび()()() [Modern spelling]
      ouo yoshi shibi tsuku ama yo shi ga areba uragōshikemu shibi tsuku Shibi
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Antonym: めじ (meji)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Appears in the Wakan Sansai Zue (1712).

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

(はつ) (hatsu

  1. (obsolete) a tuna
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Relative sizes

Hanja[edit]

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune–Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. (다랑어) tuna, tunny

See also[edit]