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U+6C11, 民
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C11

[U+6C10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C12]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
民-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女心 (RVP), four-corner 77747)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 598, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17028
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2131, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C11

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
民-bronze.svg 民-bigseal.svg 民-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*miːn
*min
*min, *minʔ
*min, *mɯːn
*mrin
*mrin
*mrin
*mrin, *minʔ
*mrin
*mrɯn, *mrɯn, *mrɯnʔ
*minʔ
*mrinʔ
*mrinʔ
*mrinʔ
*mɯn

Pictogram (象形) – an eye pierced by a dagger. This may be interpreted as (OC *mraːŋ, “blind”) or “slave < to enslave by blinding”.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/min/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/min/
Li
Rong
/miĕn/
Wang
Li
/mĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mín
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjin ›
Old
Chinese
/*mi[ŋ]/
English people

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*min/

Definitions[edit]

  1. people; citizens
  2. folk; popular
  3. member of an ethnic group
  4. person of a particular occupation
  5. civilian

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nation, peoples

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(min)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: min, Yale: min)
  • Name (hangeul): 백성 (revised: baekseong, McCune-Reischauer: paeksŏng, Yale: paykseng)
  1. (백성): the people, the populace, the nation

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  1. ^ 民心, 天心. vox populi, vox dei. (The voice of the people is the voice of God.) The one may be a calque of the other, or vice versa.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dân, rân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of dân