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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
民-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
民-bronze.svg 民-bigseal.svg 民-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形).

Two interpretations exist.

  1. A pictogram of an eye pierced by a dagger, a practice conducted to enslave a person. The character originally means "slave".
  2. A pictogram of a woman with vagina emphasized: breasts on top (compare and ), vagina at cross on bottom (in previous forms often a dot instead): the source of people, hence “populace”.[1]

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女心 (RVP), four-corner 77747)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, Richard Sears, Chinese Etymology
  • KangXi: page 598, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17028
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2131, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C11

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: mín
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/miɪn/ /min/ /mjen/ /min/ /miĕn/ /mĭĕn/ /mi̯ĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mín ‹ mjin › /*mi[ŋ]/ people

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9130 1 /*min/

Definitions[edit]

  1. people; citizens

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nation, peoples

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(min)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: min, Yale: min)
  • Name (hangeul): 백성 (revised: baekseong, McCune-Reischauer: paeksŏng, Yale: paykseng)
  1. (백성): the people, the populace, the nation

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  1. ^ 民心, 天心. vox populi, vox dei. (The voice of the people is the voice of God.) The one may be a calque of the other, or vice versa.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dân, rân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of dân