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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形):  ‎((bowing figure)) +  – as with 氏, but a line underneath: a bowing figure standing on the ground.

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹心一 (HPM) or 竹女心戈 (HVPI), four-corner 72740, composition or ⿱)

  1. Di nationality in ancient China

Usage notes[edit]

As a component of complex characters, may have sense of “down, low” from the bowing, stooping figure, as in and ; compare more abstract .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 597, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17027
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C10

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛj/
Li
Rong
/tei/
Wang
Li
/tiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tej ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤij/
English Western tribes

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2235
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Di (ethnic group)
  2. (astronomy) Root (Chinese constellation)
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤijʔ/
English bottom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2262
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*til/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. name of an ancient tribe

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. the foundation, the basis, the origin

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]