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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
此-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜一心 (YMP), four-corner 21110, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 574, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16259
  • Dae Jaweon: page 964, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1438, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6B64

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
此-oracle.svg 此-bronze.svg 此-silk.svg 此-bigseal.svg 此-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(stop) +  ‎(person) – where a person stops; here.

Alternatively, this may be the original form of (OC *ʔsreːʔ, *ʔseʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ʔsreʔ, “to stamp, to stop, to stand”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰieX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]e(j)ʔ/
English this

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1724
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰeʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. this
  2. here

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("this")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Proximal demonstrative prefix, this (near speaker)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cha) (hangeul , revised cha, McCune-Reischauer ch'a, Yale cha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thử, nảy, thửa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.