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See also:
U+67F4, 柴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67F4

[U+67F3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67F5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜心木 (YPD), four-corner 21904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 521, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 909, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1197, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+67F4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
柴-bronze.svg 柴-seal.svg 柴-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zreː): phonetic  (OC *sʰeʔ) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps related to (OC *zraːl, *zraːlʔ, “to cut trees”) (Schuessler, 2007). Compare also Khmer ឈើ (chəə, wood) (ibid.).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhâ - vernacular;
  • chhâi - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰai³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sʰai²⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰai²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰai⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰai⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sʰai²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰai⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰai²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰai³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰai²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰæ³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰae²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰe̞⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰai¹¹/ 片~
    /t͡sʰai⁴⁵/ ~市巷
    Pingyao /sæ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰɛ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /za²³/
    Suzhou /zɑ¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ze̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /za³¹/
    Hui Shexian /sa⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /sa⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sai¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zai¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰai²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰai¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰeu¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰai²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰai²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰai²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰai³⁵/
    /t͡sʰa³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰau³³/ 訓讀
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sai³¹/
    /sa³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (31)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒˠɛ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐᵚæ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒæi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐaɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒɛ/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒai/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱai/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chái
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzrɛ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[C.dz]ˁre(j)/
    English firewood

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1688
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zreː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. faggot; bundle of sticks bound together (as fuel)
    2. firewood; brushwood; wood
    3. to burn firewood and worship heaven
    4. fuzz stick; old wood
    5. (dialectal) bony
    6. (dialectal) lean; hard to chew
    7. (Min) slow and inarticulate; dull
    8. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) stringy; fibrous; hard to chew (of food)
    9. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fence; to surround and protect with fence (made of wood)
      鹿  ―  zhài  ―  Deer Fence, a poem by Wang Wei
    2. to cover; to place something over
    3. to stop; to block; to obstruct
    4. Alternative form of (zhài, “defending fence”).
    5. Alternative form of (zhài, “villa”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. brushwood
    2. firewood

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (ze)
    • Kan-on: さい (sai)
    • Kun: しば (shiba, )

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しば
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しば) (shiba

    1. brushwood, firewood

    Proper noun[edit]

    (しば) (Shiba

    1. A surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (si, chae) (hangeul , , revised si, chae, McCune–Reischauer si, ch'ae, Yale si, chay)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sài, thầy, thài, thày, sầy, xầy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.