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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜心木 (YPD), four-corner 21904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 521, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 909, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1197, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+67F4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰai³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰai²⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂʰai²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰai⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰai⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰai²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰai⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰai³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰai²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰæ³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰae²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰe̞⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰai¹¹/ 片~
/t͡sʰai⁴⁵/ ~市巷
Pingyao /sæ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /za¹³/
Suzhou /zɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ze̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /za³¹/
Hui Shexian /sa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /sa⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zai¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰai²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰai¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰeu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰai²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰai²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰai²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰai³⁵/
/t͡sʰa³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰau³³/ 訓讀
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sai³¹/
/sa³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (20)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɣɛ/ /ɖ͡ʐʱai/ /d͡ʒɛ/ /ɖ͡ʐɯæ/ /ɖ͡ʐaɨj/ /d͡ʒai/ /d͡ʒæi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzrɛ › /*[C.dz]ˤre(j)/ firewood

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1688 0 /*zreː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. firewood, faggots, fuel
  2. brushwood

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. brushwood
  2. firewood

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
しば
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しば, romaji shiba)

  1. brushwood, firewood

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しば, romaji Shiba)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si, chae) (hangeul , , revised si, chae, McCune-Reischauer si, ch'ae, Yale si, chay)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sài, thầy, thài, thày, sầy, xầy)

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