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See also:
U+67F4, 柴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67F4

[U+67F3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67F5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜心木 (YPD), four-corner 21904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 521, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 909, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1197, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+67F4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
柴-bronze.svg 柴-bigseal.svg 柴-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*saːls, *sjaːl, *seːs
*ʔsreːʔ, *ʔseʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ʔsreʔ
*zreː
*zreː
*zreː, *ʔseʔ, *ze
*zreːs
*zraːds
*zraːds, *slɯːɡ
*ʔseː, *zeːʔ, *ʔseʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ze
*sʰeːʔ
*zeːʔ, *ʔse
*zeːs, *zes
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔse, *ze
*ʔse, *sʰe
*ʔse, *sʰe, *ze
*ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
訿 *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*sʰe
*sʰeʔ
*sʰeʔ, *seʔ
*sʰes
*ze
*ze, *zes
*ze, *zes
*ze
*ʔsre

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zreː): phonetic  (OC *sʰeʔ) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps related to (OC *zraːl, *zraːlʔ, “to cut trees”) (Schuessler, 2007). Compare also Khmer ឈើ (chheu, wood) (ibid.).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhâ - vernacular;
  • chhâi - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰai³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰai²⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂʰai²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰai⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰai⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰai²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰai⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰai³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰai²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰæ³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰae²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰe̞⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰai¹¹/ 片~
/t͡sʰai⁴⁵/ ~市巷
Pingyao /sæ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /za²³/
Suzhou /zɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ze̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /za³¹/
Hui Shexian /sa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /sa⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zai¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰai²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰai¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰeu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰai²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰai²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰai²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰai³⁵/
/t͡sʰa³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰau³³/ 訓讀
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sai³¹/
/sa³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (31)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒæi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐaɨj/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɛ/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒai/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱai/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chái
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzrɛ ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.dz]ˤre(j)/
English firewood

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1688
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zreː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. faggot; bundle of sticks bound together (as fuel)
  2. firewood; brushwood; wood
  3. to burn firewood and worship heaven
  4. fuzz stick; old wood
  5. (dialectal) bony
  6. (dialectal) lean; hard to chew
  7. (Min) slow and inarticulate; dull
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to fence; to surround and protect with fence (made of wood)
  2. to cover; to place something over
  3. to stop; to block; to obstruct
  4. Alternative form of (zhài, “defending fence”).
  5. Alternative form of (zhài, “villa”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. brushwood
  2. firewood

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
しば
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しば, rōmaji shiba)

  1. brushwood, firewood

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しば, rōmaji Shiba)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si, chae) (hangeul , , revised si, chae, McCune-Reischauer si, ch'ae, Yale si, chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sài, thầy, thài, thày, sầy, xầy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.