Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+5BE8, 寨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BE8

[U+5BE7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BE9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十廿金木 (JTCD), four-corner 30904, composition𡨄)

Usage notes[edit]

In the Mainland stroke order standard, there is a 豎鉤 stroke in the lower part of the character. In the Taiwan and Hong Kong stroke order standards, the same stroke is a 豎 without a 鉤.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 291, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7298
  • Dae Jaweon: page 577, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1270, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5BE8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms ⿱宀在 (second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*slɯːɡs
*slɯːɡs, *slɯːɡ
*slɯːɡs
*hljɯɡs
*zraːds, *slɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zraːds, *slɯːɡ) and ideogrammic compound (會意): phonetic 𡨄 (to block; to block up; to jam; to plug) + semantic  (wood).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chāi - literary;
  • chē/chēe - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sai⁵³/
    /ʈ͡ʂai⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡sai⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂe⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sai²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sai³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sai¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡sai²¹³/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡sæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ze²³/
    /t͡se⁵³/
    Suzhou /ze̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ze̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡za²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sɛ³²⁴/
    /sɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sa⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sai⁵⁵/
    /t͡sai¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡zai²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰai²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰai⁵³/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai²²/
    Nanning /t͡sai²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sai²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai²²/
    /t͡se²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sai³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (20) (16)
    Final () (29) (131)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒˠaiH/ /sək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐᵚaiH/ /sək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒaiH/ /sək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐaɨjsH/ /sək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒaiH/ /sək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒæiH/ /sək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱaiH/ /sək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhài se
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1693 10962
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zraːds/ /*slɯːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. stockade, stronghold, fort
    2. bandit den

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. fort

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): さい (sai)
    • Kun: とりで (toride)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 울짱, 목책 (uljjang, mokchaek chae))

    1. fort
    2. wooden fence

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trại)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.