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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十廿金土 (JTCG), four-corner 30104, composition𡨄)

  1. stop up, block, seal, cork
  2. pass, frontier; border
  3. fortress

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 236, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 474, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 475, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+585E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
塞-oracle.svg 塞-bigseal.svg 塞-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (41) (131)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sʌiH/ /sək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/səiH/ /sək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɒiH/ /sək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/səjH/ /sək̚/
Li
Rong
/sᴀiH/ /sək̚/
Wang
Li
/sɒiH/ /sək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑ̆iH/ /sək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sài se
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sài sài
Middle
Chinese
‹ sojH › ‹ sojH › ‹ sok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤək-s/ /*[s]ˤək-s/ /*[s]ˤək/
English frontier pass (n.) stop up, block (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10958 10961
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slɯːɡs/ /*slɯːɡ/

Verb[edit]

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Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sae, saek) (hangeul , , revised sae, saek, McCune-Reischauer sae, saek, Yale say, sayk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tắc, tái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.