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See also:
U+978B, 鞋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-978B

[U+978A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+978C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
15 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 177 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿十土土 (TJGG), four-corner 44514, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1387, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42813
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1902, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4333, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+978B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms ⿰又圭 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreː
*ɡreː, *ɡreː, *ɡreː
*ŋreː, *ŋreːʔ
*kreː
*ɡreː, *kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreːs
*qreː
*qreː, *qʷraː, *kʷeː
*qreː, *qʷraː
*ɡeː, *kʷeː
*qeːns
*ɡʷraːʔ
*ɡʷraːʔ, *ɡʷreːs, *ɡʷeː
*ɡʷraːʔ, *qʰʷe
*qʷraː, *qʷreː
*qʷraː
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
詿 *kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs
*kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs, *kʷeːs
*kʰʷreː, *ɡʷreːs
*ɢʷreː, *qʷreː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː, *ɡʷeː
*kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*kʷeːs
*kʷeːs
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*qʰʷeː
*ɡʷeː
*ɡʷeː, *sqʰʷe, *qʰʷe, *qʰʷi
*qʷeː, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*qʷes
*qʰʷreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡreː, *ɡreː, *ɡreː): semantic  (leather) + phonetic  (OC *kʷeː) – leather shoes.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ê/ôe/êre - vernacular;
  • hâi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕiɛ²⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕie⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕiɛ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ɕiɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiɛ⁴²/
    Xi'an /xai²⁴/
    Xining /xɛ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xɛ⁵³/
    /ɕie⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xɛ⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xai⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xai²¹³/
    Chengdu /xai³¹/
    Guiyang /xai²¹/
    Kunming /xæ³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕiɛ²⁴/
    Hefei /ɕie̞⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xai¹¹/
    /ɕie¹¹/
    Pingyao /xæ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕie³¹/ 皮~
    /xɛ³¹/ 靸~
    Wu Shanghai /ɦa²³/
    Suzhou /ɦɑ¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦie̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦa³¹/
    Hui Shexian /xa⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /xa⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xai¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɦai¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /hai²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /hai¹¹/
    Taoyuan /hɑi¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hai²¹/
    Nanning /hai²¹/
    Hong Kong /hai²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hai³⁵/
    /ue³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ai²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /oi⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ɔi³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (33) (33)
    Final () (31) (33)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠɛ/ /ɦˠɛi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚæ/ /ɦᵚæi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣæi/ /ɣɐi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨj/ /ɦəɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɛ/ /ɣɛi/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣai/ /ɣɐi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣai/ /ɣăi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiá xié
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xié
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹  ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˤre/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
    English shoe

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 4528 4534 4541
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡreː/ /*ɡreː/ /*ɡreː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. shoe; footwear (Classifier: ; ; )
      /   ―  yī shuāng xié  ―  a pair of shoes
      Chuān shàng nǐ de xié, wǒmen chūqù chī wǎnfàn. [Pinyin]
      Put on your shoes. Let's go out for dinner.
      Zài zhèlǐ wǒ bìxū tuō xié ma? [Pinyin]
      Do I have to take off my shoes here?

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“rough; coarse; sigh”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. shoes; shoe; footwear

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くつ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くつ, rōmaji kutsu)

    1. Alternative spelling of (piece of footwear)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    わらじ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana わらじ, rōmaji waraji, historical hiragana わらぢ)

    1. Rare spelling of 草鞋 (straw sandal).

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hye) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hài, giày)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.