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U+8857, 街
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8857

[U+8856]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8858]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 144 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹人土土弓 (HOGGN), four-corner 21104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1109, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34051
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1573, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 831, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+8857

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreː
*ɡreː, *ɡreː, *ɡreː
*ŋreː, *ŋreːʔ
*kreː
*ɡreː, *kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreːs
*qreː
*qreː, *qʷraː, *kʷeː
*qreː, *qʷraː
*ɡeː, *kʷeː
*qeːns
*ɡʷraːʔ
*ɡʷraːʔ, *ɡʷreːs, *ɡʷeː
*ɡʷraːʔ, *qʰʷe
*qʷraː, *qʷreː
*qʷraː
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
詿 *kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs
*kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs, *kʷeːs
*kʰʷreː, *ɡʷreːs
*ɢʷreː, *qʷreː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː, *ɡʷeː
*kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*kʷeːs
*kʷeːs
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*qʰʷeː
*ɡʷeː
*ɡʷeː, *sqʰʷe, *qʰʷe, *qʰʷi
*qʷeː, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*qʷes
*qʰʷreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreː, *kreː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʷeː).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • koe/ke/kere - vernacular;
  • kai - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (31) (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛ/ /kˠɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæ/ /kᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kæi/ /kɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨj/ /kəɨj/
Li
Rong
/kɛ/ /kɛi/
Wang
Li
/kai/ /kɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kai/ /kăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiā jiē
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiē
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤre/
English road-crossing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4527 4532
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreː/ /*kreː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. street
  2. market; fair

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まち, rōmaji machi)

  1. town; neighborhood

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

  1. street; road

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhai, nhây)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.