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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈土土 (LIGG), four-corner 54114, composition)

  1. frog

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1081, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1549, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2847, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86D9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ua⁵⁵/
Harbin /ua²⁴/
Tianjin /vɑ²¹/
Jinan /va⁴²/
Qingdao /va²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ua²⁴/
Xi'an /ua²¹/
Xining /ua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /va⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /va⁵³/
Ürümqi /va⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ua⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ua⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ua⁵⁵/
Kunming /ua̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uɑ³¹/
Hefei /ua²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /va¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑ¹³/
Hohhot /va³¹/
Wu Shanghai /o⁵³/
Suzhou /o⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔuɑ³³/
Wenzhou /o³³/
Hui Shexian /ua³¹/
Tunxi /ua¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ua³³/
Xiangtan /uɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /uɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /va⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /wa⁵⁵/
Nanning /wa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ua⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ua⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ua⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ua³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (32)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣuɛ/ /ʔʷɯæ/ /ʔuæi/ /ʔwaɨj/ /ʔuɛ/ /wai/ /ʔwai/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (99)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣua/ /ʔʷɯa/ /ʔua/ /ʔwaɨ/ /ʔua/ /wa/ /ʔwa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔwɛ › /*qʷˤre/ frog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4552 0 /*qʷraː/
4567 0 /*qʷreː/

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かえる
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

/kaheru/: [kaperu] → [kaɸeru] → [kaweru] → [kaeru]. The loss of the medial -w- is due to the following -e as Japanese ceased to distinguish between /e, we/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Agalychnis callidryas.jpg

‎(hiragana かえる, romaji kaeru, historical hiragana かへる)

  1. frog

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かわず
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

/kahazu/: [kapazu] → [kaɸazu] → [kawazu].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かわず, romaji kawazu, historical hiragana かはづ)

  1. frog
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wa, wae) (hangeul , , revised wa, wae, McCune-Reischauer wa, wae, Yale wa, way)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(oa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.