Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 46 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 山一土土 (UMGG), four-corner 22214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 314, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8180
  • Dae Jaweon: page 614, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 778, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5D16

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋreː, *ŋre): semantic  ‎(mountain) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋreː, cliff).

Alternatively analyzed as Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋreː, *ŋre): semantic  ‎(cliff) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʷeː)

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ia³⁵/
Harbin /ai²⁴/
/ia²⁴/
Tianjin /iɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /iɛ⁴²/
Qingdao /iɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ia⁴²/
Xi'an /nai²⁴/
Xining /nɛ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ia⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɛ⁵³/
Ürümqi /ia⁵¹/
Wuhan /ŋai²¹³/
Chengdu /ŋai³¹/
Guiyang /ŋai²¹/
Kunming /æ³¹/
Nanjing /iɑ²⁴/
Hefei /ia⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ia¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiɑ¹³/
Hohhot /nɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦia¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦie̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋa³¹/
Hui Shexian /ia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ŋɔ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ŋai¹³/
Xiangtan /ŋai¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋai¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²¹/
Nanning /ŋai²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋai²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gai³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋai⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋãi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zai³¹/
/ŋai³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (13)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɣiᴇ/ /ŋɯiɛ/ /ŋiɛ/ /ŋjiə̆/ /ŋje/ /ŋǐe/ /ŋie̯/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (31)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yá
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɣɛ/ /ŋɯæ/ /ŋæi/ /ŋaɨj/ /ŋɛ/ /ŋai/ /ŋai/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngɛ › /*ŋˤrar/ river bank; limit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4536 0 /*ŋreː/
4547 0 /*ŋre/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cliff, precipice
  2. precipitous

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
がけ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がけ, romaji gake)

  1. cliff

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ae, ui) (hangeul , , revised ae, ui, McCune-Reischauer ae, ŭi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhai, day)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.