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See also: , 𡶜, and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡaːns): semantic  ‎(cliff) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːn) – the edge of the land.

Han character[edit]

(radical 46 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山一一十 (UMMJ), four-corner 22241, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 310, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 610, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 766, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5CB8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final: (61)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: àn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑnH/ /ŋɑnH/ /ŋɑnH/ /ŋanH/ /ŋɑnH/ /ŋɑnH/ /ŋɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
àn ‹ nganH › /*[ŋ]ˤa[r]-s/ bank of a river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3604 1 /*ŋɡaːns/

Noun[edit]

  1. bank, shore
    兩岸两岸 (liǎng'àn)
  2. beach, coast
    海岸 (hǎi'àn)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beach

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
きし
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana きし, romaji kishi)

  1. bank, coast, shore

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きし, romaji Kishi)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngàn, ngan, ngạn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.