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See also: , 𡶜, and
U+5CB8, 岸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CB8

[U+5CB7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CB9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 46 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山一一十 (UMMJ), four-corner 22241, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 310, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 610, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 766, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5CB8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
岸-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
kaːn
竿 kaːn
kaːn
kaːn
kaːn
kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
kaːn
kaːn, *ɡaːns
kaːn
kaːn, *ɡaːn
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːns
kaːns
kaːns
kaːns
kaːns, *ɡraːns
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kʰaːn
kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̥ʰraːn
ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
ŋɡaːns
qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
qʰaːnʔ
ɡaːn
ɡaːnʔ
ɡaːnʔ
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡʷranʔ
ɡraːns
kan
ɡan, *ɡʷad
qʰan
qʰan
qʰaːŋʔ
ɡʷaːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡaːns): semantic  (cliff) + phonetic  (OC *kaːn) – the edge of the land.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • gān - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋanH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
àn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nganH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤa[r]-s/
English bank of a river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bank; shore
    兩岸两岸 (liǎng'àn)
  2. beach; coast
    海岸 (hǎi'àn)
  3. high
  4. stately
  5. border

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beach

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
きし
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

(hiragana きし, rōmaji kishi)

  1. bank, coast, shore

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana きし, rōmaji Kishi)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngàn, ngan, ngạn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.