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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十十人一十 (JJOMJ), four-corner 48441, composition𠦝𠆢)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 650, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 409, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5E79

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑnH/ /kɑnH/ /kɑnH/ /kɑnH/ /kanH/ /kɑnH/ /kɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gàn ‹ kanH › /*[k]ˤar-s/ stem; framework

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3587 1 /*kaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. main part of something;
    /   ―  shùgàn  ―  trunk of a plant
    /   ―  gàn  ―  body of animals
    /   ―  gàndào  ―  main road; high street
  2. to do
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ zài gàn shénme?  ―  What are you doing?
  3. to work
    /   ―  gānhuó  ―  to work
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ shì gàn shénme de?  ―  What is your job?
  4. (vulgar) to fuck, to engage in sexual intercourse; transliteration from Min Nan into Mandarin, as "姦" shares the same pronunciation with "幹" in Min Nan
    你娘! ― Gàn nǐ niáng! ― Fuck your mother! (Min Nan)
    你媽! ― Gàn nǐ mā! ― Fuck your mother! (Mandarin)
  5. (vulgar) to kill
    /   ―  Gàndiào tā!  ―  Kill him!
  6. (vulgar) to steal (mainly used in Taiwan)
    幹{gàn} (走)了我的筆什麼?! ― shéi gàn (zǒu) le wǒ de bǐ?! ― Who stole my pen?!
  7. (vulgar) to blame, to condemn (mainly used in Taiwan)
    ― Gōn GànCriticized by every one.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(miki): a tree trunk.
Kanji in this term
みき
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(mi, body) +‎ ‎(ki, tree).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みき, romaji miki)

  1. the trunk or core of something:
    1. a tree trunk
    2. a plant stalk

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.