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See also: and
U+5E79, 幹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E79

[U+5E78]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E7A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 51, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十十人一十 (JJOMJ), four-corner 48441, composition 𠦝𫢉)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 650, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 409, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5E79

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
𫢉

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kaːns): semantic + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1[edit]

The vulgar sense entered Mandarin from Min Nan (kàn), as shares the same pronunciation with in Min Nan.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gáng - literary;
  • guāng - colloquial.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter kanH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gon3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁar-s/
    English stem; framework

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3587
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. main part of something; body; trunk
        ―  shùgàn  ―  trunk of a plant
        ―  gàn  ―  body of animals
        ―  gàndào  ―  main road; high street
    2. (colloquial) to do
      什麼什么  ―  Nǐ zài gàn shénme?  ―  What are you doing?
    3. to work
        ―  gànhuó  ―  to work
      什麼什么  ―  Nǐ shì gàn shénme de?  ―  What is your job?
    4. (vulgar) to fuck; to engage in sexual intercourse
      恁娘恁娘 [Hokkien]  ―  Kàn-lín-niâ! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Fuck your mother!
      你媽你妈  ―  Gàn nǐ mā!  ―  Fuck your mother!
    5. (vulgar) to kill
        ―  Gàndiào tā!  ―  Kill him!
    6. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to steal
      ?!?!  ―  Shéi gàn zǒu le wǒ de bǐ?!  ―  Who stole my pen?!
    7. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to blame; to condemn
        ―  gōng gàn  ―  criticized by everyone
    8. (Taiwan, vulgar, colloquial) Expressing dismay or discontent.
    9. (dialectal Mandarin) to sort someone out
      [Northeastern Mandarin]  ―  Xìn bù xìn wǒ gàn nǐ? [Pinyin]  ―  Believe it or not, I'll sort you out .
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (to do):
    • (to fuck):

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. just
    2. calm
    3. Alternative form of (heavenly stem)
    4. dead

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (hán, fence around a well)

    References[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    (miki): a tree trunk.
    Kanji in this term
    みき
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (mi, body) +‎ (ki, tree).[1][2][3]

    First cited to a text from 1726.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (みき) (miki

    1. [from 1726] the trunk or core of something:
      1. a tree trunk
      2. a plant stalk

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    から
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    からS
    [counter] used to count items with shafts
    [noun] the trunk or stem of a plant
    [noun] the shaft of an arrow
    [noun] the shaft, haft, or handle of a tool
    [prefix] describes something with a stem, shaft, or handle
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kanH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (かん) (kan

    1. tree trunk; stem
    2. main part; core
    3. talent; capability
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    4. 4.0 4.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune–Reischauer kan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: can, cán, hàn
    : Nôm readings: cán

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.