Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+5E79, 幹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E79

[U+5E78]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E7A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十十人一十 (JJOMJ), four-corner 48441, composition𠆢)

Derived glyphs[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 650, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 409, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5E79

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̊ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1[edit]

The vulgar sense entered Mandarin from Min Nan (kàn), as shares the same pronunciation with in Min Nan.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gáng - literary;
  • guāng - colloquial.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kanH/
Li
Rong
/kɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤar-s/
English stem; framework

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3587
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. main part of something; body; trunk
    /   ―  shùgàn  ―  trunk of a plant
    /   ―  gàn  ―  body of animals
    /   ―  gàndào  ―  main road; high street
  2. (colloquial) to do
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ zài gàn shénme?  ―  What are you doing?
  3. to work
    /   ―  gànhuó  ―  to work
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ shì gàn shénme de?  ―  What is your job?
  4. (vulgar) to fuck, to engage in sexual intercourse
    恁娘 / 恁娘 [Min Nan]  ―  Kàn-lín-niâ! [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Fuck your mother!
    你媽 / 你妈  ―  Gàn nǐ mā!  ―  Fuck your mother!
  5. (vulgar) to kill
    /   ―  Gàndiào tā!  ―  Kill him!
  6. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to steal
    ?! / ?!  ―  Shuí gàn zǒu le wǒ de bǐ?!  ―  Who stole my pen?!
  7. (vulgar, chiefly Taiwan) to blame, to condemn
    /   ―  gōng gàn  ―  criticized by everyone

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. just
  2. calm
  3. Alternative form of (gān, “dry”).
  4. Alternative form of (gān, “heavenly stem”).
  5. dead

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (hán, “fence around well”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(miki): a tree trunk.
Kanji in this term
みき
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (mi, body) +‎ (ki, tree).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みき, rōmaji miki)

  1. the trunk or core of something:
    1. a tree trunk
    2. a plant stalk

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.