使

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See also: 便

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *srɯʔ, *srɯs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *rɯs).

Han character[edit]

使 (radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人十中大 (OJLK), four-corner 25206, composition)

  1. cause, send on a mission, order
  2. envoy, messenger, ambassador

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 573
  • Dae Jaweon: page 213, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 145, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F7F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
使

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Cantonese: need) (sai2), (sai2)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 使 使
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (21) (21)
Final () (19) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɨX/ /ʃɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃɨX/ /ʃɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃieX/ /ʃieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂɨX/ /ʂɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʃiəX/ /ʃiəH/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭəX/ /ʃĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂiX/ /ʂiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 使 使
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ shǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ sriX › ‹ sriH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-rəʔ/ /*s-rəʔ-s/
English send; cause envoy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 使 使
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11488 11491
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𩢲
Old
Chinese
/*srɯʔ/ /*srɯs/

Definitions[edit]

使

  1. to cause (to be, to do)
  2. (dialectal) to use
  3. (dialectal) to order (to do)
  4. (Cantonese) need to [do something]; have to
    使 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Nei5 m4 sai2 lo2 gam3 do1! [Jyutping]
    You don't need to get so much!
  5. (Cantonese) need [something]; require; want strongly

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Cantonese: need): 需要 (xūyào)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

使

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

使う (tsukau) is the most common word for "to use."

Noun[edit]

使 ‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. messenger

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

使 ‎(sa, si) (hangeul , , revised sa, si, McCune-Reischauer sa, si)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

使 (sứ, sử, sửa, thửa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]