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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水竹尸大 (EHSK), X水竹尸大 (XEHSK), four-corner 33134, composition)

  1. tears
  2. weep, cry

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 630, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17644
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1032, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1662, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6DDA

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (淚), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力遂切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuɪH/ /lwiH/ /luiH/ /lʷiH/ /lwiH/ /lwiH/ /ljuɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lèi ‹ lwijH › /*[r][ə]p-s/ tears (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7948 2 /*ruds/ 見戰國策

Definitions[edit]

  1. tears

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. tears
  2. weep
  3. cry

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ru, nu) (hangeul , , revised ru, nu, McCune-Reischauer ru, nu, Yale lwu, nwu)

  1. tear
  2. weep
  3. cry

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lệ, luỵ)

  • same as lệ
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: lệ

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999