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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'uːds): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓中廿心人 (NLTPO), four-corner 78232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1357, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41750
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1861, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4148, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+968A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (42)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: duì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duʌiH/ /duoiH/ /duɒiH/ /dwəjH/ /duᴀiH/ /duɒiH/ /dʱuɑ̆iH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
duì ‹ dwojH › /*lˤut-s/ troop
zhuì ‹ drwijH › /*m.lru[t]-s/ fall down, throw down

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12145 2 /*l'uːds/

Noun[edit]

  1. group; team
    /   ―  yuèduì  ―  musical band
  2. army unit
    /   ―  jūnduì  ―  army
    自衛 / 自卫  ―  zìwèiduì  ―  self-defense forces

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dae) (hangeul , revised dae, McCune-Reischauer tae, Yale tay)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đội, đỗi, đòi, đụi, dội, dụi, đọi, đôi, giọi, nhụi)

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