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U+5E2B, 師
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E2B

[U+5E2A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E2C]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 50 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹口一中月 (HRMLB), four-corner 21727, composition𠂤)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 331, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8916
  • Dae Jaweon: page 637, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 740, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5E2B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːl, *srel, *sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠂤(mound, hill) +  – ancient troops were usually stationed at a hill.

Each of the two components can be used as on their own in preclassical scripts. The significance of is debated.

Etymology[edit]

Starostin derives this word from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rij(many), cognate with (OC *kriːj, “all”), (OC *kriːj, “together with”), as well as Tibetan ཁྲི(khri, ten thousand) and Burmese ရဲ(rai:, police).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • să - vernacular (“to be expert in; expert; term of address for experts”);
  • sṳ̆ - literary.
Note:
  • sai - vernacular;
  • su/sir - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/ 老~
/səʔ⁰/ 大~傅
Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
/sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ³³/
/sai³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ srij › ‹ srij ›
Old
Chinese
/*srij/ /*srij/
English army master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11433
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical, military) division of 2500 soldiers
  2. (military) division; a large body of troops composing part of an army
  3. army; troops; armed force
  4. to dispatch troops; to send troops
  5. the masses; populace; general public
  6. (historical) A level of administrative division comprising ten major cities.
  7. capital city; metropolis
  8. strategist; military adviser
  9. leader; chief; commander; head; captain
  10. teacher; instructor
  11. master; expert; specialist
  12. (Min Dong) to be an expert in; adept at; capable
  13. (Min Dong) Respectful term of address for an expert in a trade or profession.
  14. (religion) Respectful title for monks, nuns and Taoist priests.
  15. (historical) musician
  16. model; example; fine example
  17. to follow; to imitate; to follow the example of
  18. Army” (): the seventh hexagram of the I Ching
  19. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. teacher, master, one's mentor
  2. religious leader

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.