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See also:
U+7345, 獅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7345

[U+7344]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7346]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːl, *srel, *sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri
*sri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sri): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *sri).

Etymology[edit]

First mentioned in the Book of Han [1st century CE], in the description of the "specialties" from the 烏弋山離 (OC *ʔˤa lək srar raj, “Alexandria”) country in the Western Regions. The country referred to is likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Compare Middle Persian šgl (šagr, šēr, lion; (astronomy) Leo), Khotanese sarau (sarau, lion). Related to 狻猊 (OC *sloːn ŋeː).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • su/sir - literary;
  • sai - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
    Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
    Hefei /sz̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
    Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
    Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
    Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
    Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
    Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
    /sai⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sai⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sai³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠiɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃiɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂji/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃji/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shī
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11437
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sri/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. lion
    2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (architecture) Short for 石獅石狮 (shíshī, “foo dog”).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 獅子 (“lion”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 獅子
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 獅子
    Mandarin Beijing 獅子
    Taiwan 獅子
    Harbin 獅子
    Hailar 獅子
    Ulan Hot 獅子
    Tongliao 獅子
    Chifeng 獅子
    Bayanhot 獅子
    Jinan 獅子
    Muping 獅子
    Jiedian 獅子
    Xi'an 獅子
    Zhengzhou 獅子
    Xining 獅子
    Xuzhou 獅子
    Yinchuan 獅子
    Lanzhou 獅子
    Ürümqi 獅子
    Wuhan 獅子
    Chengdu 獅子
    Guiyang 獅子
    Liuzhou 獅子
    Yangzhou 獅子
    Nanjing 獅子
    Hefei 獅子
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 獅子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 獅子
    Hong Kong 獅子
    Shunde 獅子
    Foshan 獅子
    Zhongshan 獅子
    Dongguan 獅子
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 獅子
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 獅子
    Taishan 獅子
    Kaiping 獅子
    Yangjiang 獅子
    Kuala Lumpur 獅子
    Ho Chi Minh City 獅子
    Gan Nanchang 獅子
    Lichuan 獅仔
    Hakka Meixian 獅仔
    Yudu 獅子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 獅仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 獅仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 獅仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 獅仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 獅子
    Senai 獅子
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 獅子
    Xinzhou 獅子
    Baochang 獅子
    Jining 獅子
    Hohhot 獅子
    Baotou 獅子
    Dongsheng 獅子
    Linhe 獅子
    Haibowan 獅子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 獅子
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen 獅仔
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning 獅子
    Wu Shanghai 獅子
    Suzhou 獅子
    Hangzhou 獅子
    Wenzhou 獅子
    Chongming 獅子
    Danyang 獅子
    Jinhua 獅子
    Ningbo 獅子
    Xiang Changsha 獅子
    Shuangfeng 獅子

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. a lion

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (shi)
    • Kan-on: (shi)

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪ).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji shi)

    1. lion

    Usage notes[edit]

    Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune–Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • Nôm: sư

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999