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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese /ʃɣiɪ/, from Old Chinese /*srij/, likely from Middle Persian šgl ‎(šagr, šēr, lion; (astronomy) Leo).

獅 / 獅子 / 師 / 師子 was first mentioned in the Book of Han (finished 111 CE), in the description of the "specialties" of the 烏弋山離 country in the Western Regions. 烏弋山離 in Old Chinese had a pronunciation of /*ʔa lək sren raj/, hence referring to *Alexandria, likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (獅), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 疏夷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/ /ʂi/ /ʃi/ /ʃi/ /ʂi/ /ʃi/ /ʃjɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11437 2 /*sri/ 古作師

Definitions[edit]

  1. lion

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. a lion

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(/ʃɣiɪ/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. lion

Usage notes[edit]

Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: sư

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999