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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Etymology[edit]

First mentioned in the Book of Han [1st century CE], in the description of the "specialties" from the 烏弋山離 (OC *ʔˤa lək srar raj, “Alexandria”) country in the Western Regions. The country referred to is likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Compare Middle Persian šgl ‎(šagr, šēr, lion; (astronomy) Leo), Khotanese sarau ‎(lion). Related to 狻猊.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
/sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sai⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sai³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11437
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. lion

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. a lion

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(/ʃɣiɪ/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. lion

Usage notes[edit]

Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: sư

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999