Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese /ʃɣiɪ/, from Old Chinese /*srij/, likely from Middle Persian šgl ‎(šagr, šēr, lion; (astronomy) Leo).

獅 / 獅子 / 師 / 師子 was first mentioned in the Book of Han (finished 111 CE), in the description of the "specialties" of the 烏弋山離 country in the Western Regions. 烏弋山離 in Old Chinese had a pronunciation of /*ʔa lək sren raj/, hence referring to *Alexandria, likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
/sai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sai⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sai³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/ /ʂi/ /ʃi/ /ʃi/ /ʂi/ /ʃi/ /ʃjɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11437 2 /*sri/ 古作師

Definitions[edit]

  1. lion

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. a lion

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(/ʃɣiɪ/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. lion

Usage notes[edit]

Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: sư

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999