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See also:
U+7345, 獅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7345

[U+7344]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7346]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sri): semantic (dog) + phonetic (OC *sri).

Etymology[edit]

First mentioned in the Book of Han [1st century C.E.], in the description of the "specialties" from 烏弋山離 (OC *qaː lɯɡ sreːn rel, “Alexandria”) in the Western Regions. The country referred to is possibly Alexandria Prophthasia (Yu, 1998), which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Compare Middle Persian 𐫢𐫃𐫡(šgr /šagr, šēr/, lion; (astronomy) Leo), Khotanese sarau (lion). Related to 狻猊 (OC *sloːn ŋeː).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • su/sir - literary;
  • sai - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
    Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
    Hefei /sz̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
    Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
    Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
    Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
    Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
    Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
    /sai⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sai⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sai³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠiɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃiɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂji/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃji/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shī
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11437
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sri/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. lion
    2. () Shi (an islet in Lieyu, Kinmen, Taiwan)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (shi)
    • Korean: (, sa)
    • Vietnamese: ()

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. a lion

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (shi)
    • Kan-on: (shi)

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪ).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (shi

    1. lion

    Usage notes[edit]

    Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪ). Recorded as Middle Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 사자 (saja sa))

    1. Hanja form? of (lion).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • Nôm: sư

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999