狻猊

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(狻猊)
variant forms
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology[edit]

An imported word from the Western Regions, derived from a word in a source language meaning “lion”.

The use of 狻猊 (OC *swar ŋe) possibly predates that of (OC *sri, “lion”). Compare Proto-Indo-Iranian *sinȷ́ʰás (lion), Proto-Iranian *sarg-, whence Khotanese sarau. Bailey (1979):

Sogdian of the Buddhist texts šrγω, gen. sing. šrγωy. Sogdian of the Manichean texts šrωγ, Middle Parthian of Turfan šgr, šgr-z‘dg (“cub of lion”). Middle Persian šgr ... Here sarau is from *sarāva- but, since -g- is absent in mura- 'bird' < mr̥ga-, it would be possible to trace sarau to [Proto-Iranian] *sargāva- and so to base sar-g-, as for Sogdian and M.Parthian.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (31)
Final () (62) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suɑn/ /ŋei/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷɑn/ /ŋei/
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑn/ /ŋɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swan/ /ŋɛj/
Li
Rong
/suɑn/ /ŋei/
Wang
Li
/suɑn/ /ŋiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suɑn/ /ŋiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 16435 2744
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sloːn/ /*ŋeː/

Noun[edit]

狻猊

  1. (archaic) lion
  2. (Chinese mythology) mythological creature which is said to be a hybrid of lion and dragon, likes to sit down and is one of the nine sons of the dragon