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U+5152, 兒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5152

[U+5151]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5153]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 10, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹X竹山 (HXHU), four-corner 77217, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 272, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5152

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
兒-oracle.svg 兒-bronze.svg 兒-silk.svg 兒-slip.svg 兒-seal.svg 兒-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rŋeː, *ŋeːʔ
*rŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː, *ŋeː
*ŋeː, *ŋeːs, *ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː
*ŋeː, *ŋje
*ŋeː, *ŋeːʔ
*ŋeːʔ, *ŋeːs
*ŋeːʔ
*ŋeːs
*ŋje
*ŋeːd
*ŋeːɡ
*ɦŋeːɡ

Pictogram (象形): an infant with an imperfect cranium (i.e. fontanelles).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. *
variant forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: Pronounced as '-r' in the suffix sense, merging with the previous syllable.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (38)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȵie/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ér
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ér
Middle
Chinese
‹ nye ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋe/
English child

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2757
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋje/

Definitions[edit]

  1. child
  2. son
  3. Non-syllabic noun diminutive suffix in Mandarin. See erhua.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɛj/
Li
Rong
/ŋei/
Wang
Li
/ŋiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2748
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋeː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Alternative form of (, “teeth grown in old age”).
  3. Alternative form of (, “small and weak”).
  4. Alternative form of ().

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. child
  2. young of animals

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 357
  • Halpern: 2625
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4c3.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a, ye) (hangeul , )

  1. child

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhi, nghê, nhẻ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.