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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹X竹山 (HXHU), four-corner 77217, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 272, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5152

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
兒-oracle.svg 兒-bronze.svg 兒-bigseal.svg 兒-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形): an infant with an imperfect cranium (i.e. fontanelles). The here is a variant/corruption of .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (38) (31)
Final () (11) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇ/ /ŋei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛ/ /ŋei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjɛ/ /ŋɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiə̆/ /ŋɛj/
Li
Rong
/ȵie/ /ŋei/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑǐe/ /ŋiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑie̯/ /ŋiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ér
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ér
Middle
Chinese
‹ nye ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋe/
English child

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2748 2757
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋeː/ /*ŋje/

Definitions[edit]

  1. child
  2. son
  3. Non-syllabic noun diminutive suffix in Mandarin. See erhua.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. child
  2. young of animals

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 357
  • Halpern: 2625
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4c3.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a,ye) (hangeul 아,예, revised a,ye, McCune-Reischauer a,ye)

  1. child

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhi, nghê, nhẻ)

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