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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹X竹山 (HXHU), four-corner 77217, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 272, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5152

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
兒-oracle.svg 兒-bronze.svg 兒-bigseal.svg 兒-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): an infant with an imperfect cranium (i.e. fontanelles). The here is a variant/corruption of .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (38)
Final: (11)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ér
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵiᴇ/ /ȵiɛ/ /ȵʑjɛ/ /ȵiə̆/ /ȵie/ /ȵʑǐe/ /ȵʑie̯/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (39)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋei/ /ŋei/ /ŋɛi/ /ŋɛj/ /ŋei/ /ŋiei/ /ŋiei/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ér ‹ nye › /*ŋe/ child

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2748 0 /*ŋeː/
2757 0 /*ŋje/

Definitions[edit]

  1. child
  2. son
  3. Non-syllabic noun diminutive suffix in Mandarin. See erhua.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. child
  2. young of animals

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 357
  • Halpern: 2625
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4c3.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a,ye) (hangeul 아,예, revised a,ye, McCune-Reischauer a,ye)

  1. child

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhi, nghê, nhẻ)

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