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U+81FC, 臼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81FC

[U+81FB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81FD]
See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
臼-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹X (HX), four-corner 77770)

  1. Kangxi radical #134, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1459, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3037, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81FC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
臼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Pictogram (象形): a mortar

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khǔ/khū - vernacular;
  • kiǔ/kiū - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ɡ]ʷəʔ/
English mortar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6977
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hollow vessel used to pound, crush ingredients; mortar
  2. that which looks like a mortar

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. millstone; mortar

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.