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U+81FC, 臼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81FC

[U+81FB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81FD]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
臼-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹X (HX), four-corner 77770)

  1. Kangxi radical #134, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1459, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3037, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81FC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
臼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Pictogram (象形): a mortar

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khǔ/khū - vernacular;
  • kiǔ/kiū - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ɡ]ʷəʔ/
English mortar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6977
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hollow vessel used to pound, crush ingredients; mortar
  2. that which looks like a mortar

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. millstone; mortar

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
うす
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Mozdzierz kuchenny.jpg
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うす, rōmaji usu)

  1. mortar

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN