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U+81FD, 臽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81FD

[U+81FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81FE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134, +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹X (NHX), composition(G) or ⿱(TJK))

  1. pit, hole

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30177
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1459, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3037, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81FD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
臽-oracle.svg 臽-bronze.svg 臽-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːmʔ
*l'oːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*ɡloːmʔ, *qroːm, *qroːms, *lomʔ
欿 *ɡloːmʔ
*ɡloːmʔ, *ɡluːms
*l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms
*ʔr'oːm, *kʰroːm, *kʰroːms
*ɡroːms
*ɡroːms
*ljom, *loms
*l̥ʰomʔ
*l̥ʰomʔ
*lom
*loms
*lom
*lom
*lomʔ
*kʰroːb

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (33)
Final () (159) (151)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌmX/ /ɦˠɛmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəmX/ /ɦᵚæmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒmX/ /ɣɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəmX/ /ɦəɨmH/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀmX/ /ɣɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒmX/ /ɣɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰămX/ /ɣămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎn xiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˁromʔ-s/
English small pit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13545 13557
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰloːmʔ/ /*ɡroːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pit, hole

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“submerge, sink, plunge; trap”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. pit
  2. hole

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): かん (kan), げん (gen), こん (kon)
  • Kun: おとしあな (otoshiana)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune–Reischauer ham)

  1. pit
  2. hollow, hole