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See also:
U+8AC2, 諂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AC2

[U+8AC1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AC3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓竹X (YRNHX), four-corner 07677, composition)

  1. flatter, truckle, toady

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1166, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35616
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1632, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3990, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8AC2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
諂-seal.svg 諂-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːmʔ
*l'oːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*ɡloːmʔ, *qroːm, *qroːms, *lomʔ
欿 *ɡloːmʔ
*ɡloːmʔ, *ɡluːms
*l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms
*ʔr'oːm, *kʰroːm, *kʰroːms
*ɡroːms
*ɡroːms
*ljom, *loms
*l̥ʰomʔ
*l̥ʰomʔ
*lom
*loms
*lom
*lom
*lomʔ
*kʰroːb

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰjiamX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjemX ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰromʔ/
English flatter (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13562
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰomʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. flatter

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.