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U+6390, 掐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6390

[U+638F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6391]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手弓竹X (QNHX), four-corner 57077, composition)

  1. hold
  2. gather with hand
  3. choke

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 437, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 787, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1902, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6390

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
掐-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːmʔ
*l'oːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*ɡloːmʔ, *qroːm, *qroːms, *lomʔ
欿 *ɡloːmʔ
*ɡloːmʔ, *ɡluːms
*l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms
*ʔr'oːm, *kʰroːm, *kʰroːms
*ɡroːms
*ɡroːms
*ljom, *loms
*l̥ʰomʔ
*l̥ʰomʔ
*lom
*loms
*lom
*lom
*lomʔ
*kʰroːb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰroːb): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms).

It may alternatively be interpreted as an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (hole).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khiap - vernacular;
  • khap - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qia
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13571
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰroːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to pinch
  2. to strangle
  3. to put out (a cigarette)
  4. to cut out (a video recording, so it will not be published, usually when shooting a movie or TV program)

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Khmer: កៀប (kiəp) (via Min Nan khiap)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): こう (); きょう (kyō)
  • Kun: つまむ (tsumamu)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: kháp, khắp

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]