From Middle English choken (also cheken), from Old English *ċēocian, āċēocian (“to choke”), probably derived from Old English ċēoce, ċēace (“jaw, cheek”), see cheek. Cognate with Icelandic kok (“throat”), koka (“to gulp”). See also achoke.
choke (third-person singular simple present chokes, present participle choking, simple past and past participle choked)
- (intransitive) To be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe, for instance food or other objects that go down the wrong way.
- (transitive) To prevent someone from breathing or talking by strangling or filling the windpipe.
- With eager feeding food doth choke the feeder.
- To obstruct by filling up or clogging any passage; to block up.
- to choke a cave passage with boulders and mud
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
- To hinder or check, as growth, expansion, progress, etc.; to stifle.
- Oats and darnel choke the rising corn.
- (intransitive, fluid mechanics, of a duct) to reach a condition of maximum flowrate, due to the flow at the narrowest point of the duct becoming sonic (Ma = 1).
- (intransitive) To perform badly at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.
- To move one's fingers very close to the tip of a pencil, brush or other art tool.
- To be checked, as if by choking; to stick.
- Sir Walter Scott
- The words choked in his throat.
- To affect with a sense of strangulation by passion or strong feeling.
- Jonathan Swift
- I was choked at this word.
- To make a choke, as in a cartridge, or in the bore of the barrel of a shotgun.
be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe
- Armenian: խեղդվել (xełdvel)
- Basque: ito
- Bulgarian: задушавам се (zadušavam se), задъхвам се (zadǎhvam se)
- Catalan: ennuegar-se (ca), ofegar-se (ca)
- Mandarin: 窒息 (zh) (zhìxī), 嗆 (zh), 噎住 (zh) (yēzhù), 呛 (zh) (qiāng) (on food or drink)
- Czech: dusit se (cs)
- Dutch: verstikken (nl), stikken (nl)
- Esperanto: please add this translation if you can
- Finnish: kuristua, tukehtua, tikahtua
- French: suffoquer (fr), s'étouffer (fr)
- Georgian: please add this translation if you can
- German: ersticken (de)
- Greek: πνίγομαι (el) (pnígomai), ασφυκτιώ (el) (asfyktió)
- Hebrew: נחנק (nikhnáq)
- Hungarian: fullad (hu)
- Irish: tacht
- Italian: soffocare (it)
- Japanese: 窒息する (ちっそくする, chissoku suru), むせる (museru)
- Khmer: ឈ្លក់ (km) (clʊək), ខក់ (km) (kʰɑk)
- Kurdish: fetisîn (ku)
- Sorani: خنکان (xinkan)
- Mongolian: цацах (mn) (tsatsah), хахах (mn) (hahah), бүгших (mn) (bügših)
- Ngazidja Comorian: ukalwa
- Polish: dławić się, krztusić się
- Portuguese: sufocar (pt), afogar (pt), engasgar (pt)
- Russian: задыха́ться (ru) impf (zadyxátʹsja), задохну́ться (ru) pf (zadoxnútʹsja); дави́ться (ru) impf (davítʹsja), подави́ться (ru) pf (podavítʹsja) (on food or drink)
- Spanish: sofocar (es), ahogar (es)
- Thai: สำลัก, หายใจติดขัด
- Turkish: bogmak (tr)
- Vietnamese: please add this translation if you can
- Welsh: tagu (cy)
prevent someone from breathing by strangling them
to hinder growth of a plant especially as by weeds
choke (plural chokes)
- A control on a carburetor to adjust the air/fuel mixture when the engine is cold.
- (sports) In wrestling, karate (etc.), a type of hold that can result in strangulation.
- A constriction at the muzzle end of a shotgun barrel which affects the spread of the shot.
- A partial or complete blockage (of boulders, mud, etc.) in a cave passage.
- The mass of immature florets in the centre of the bud of an artichoke.
- (electronics) choking coil
- A major mistake at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.
type of hold in wrestling etc.
constriction at a shotgun barrel