From Middle English choken (also cheken), from Old English ċēocian, āċēocian (“to choke”), probably derived from Old English ċēoce, ċēace (“jaw, cheek”), see cheek. Cognate with Icelandic kok (“throat”), koka (“to gulp”). See also achoke.
choke (third-person singular simple present chokes, present participle choking, simple past and past participle choked)
- (intransitive) To be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe, for instance food or other objects that go down the wrong way.
- (transitive) To prevent someone from breathing or talking by strangling or filling the windpipe.
- With eager feeding food doth choke the feeder.
- To obstruct by filling up or clogging any passage; to block up.
- to choke a cave passage with boulders and mud
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
- To hinder or check, as growth, expansion, progress, etc.; to stifle.
- Oats and darnel choke the rising corn.
- (intransitive, fluid mechanics, of a duct) to reach a condition of maximum flowrate, due to the flow at the narrowest point of the duct becoming sonic (Ma = 1).
- (intransitive) To perform badly at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.
- To move one's fingers very close to the tip of a pencil, brush or other art tool.
- To be checked, as if by choking; to stick.
- Sir Walter Scott
- The words choked in his throat.
- To affect with a sense of strangulation by passion or strong feeling.
- Jonathan Swift
- I was choked at this word.
- To make a choke, as in a cartridge, or in the bore of the barrel of a shotgun.
be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe
- Armenian: խեղդվել (xełdvel)
- Basque: ito
- Bulgarian: задушавам се (zadušavam se), задъхвам се (zadǎhvam se)
- Catalan: ennuegar-se (ca), ofegar-se (ca)
- Mandarin: 窒息 (zh) (zhìxī), 嗆 (zh), 噎住 (zh) (yēzhù), 呛 (zh) (qiāng) (on food or drink)
- Czech: dusit se (cs)
- Dutch: verstikken (nl), stikken (nl)
- Esperanto: sufoki
- Finnish: kuristua, tukehtua, tikahtua
- French: suffoquer (fr), s'étouffer (fr)
- Georgian: please add this translation if you can
- German: ersticken (de)
- Greek: ασφυκτιώ (el) (asfyktió), πνίγομαι (el) (pnígomai)
- Ancient: ἀσφυκτιῶ (asphuktiô), πνίγω (pnígō)
- Hebrew: נחנק (nikhnáq)
- Hungarian: fullad (hu)
- Irish: tacht
- Italian: soffocare (it)
- Japanese: 噎せる (museru)
- Khmer: ឈ្លក់ (km) (clʊək), ខក់ (km) (kʰɑk)
- Kurdish: fetisîn (ku)
- Sorani: خنکان (xinkan)
- Mongolian: цацах (mn) (tsatsah), хахах (mn) (hahah), бүгших (mn) (bügših)
- Ngazidja Comorian: ukalwa
- Polish: dławić się, krztusić się
- Portuguese: sufocar (pt), afogar (pt), engasgar (pt)
- Russian: задыха́ться (ru) impf (zadyxátʹsja), задохну́ться (ru) pf (zadoxnútʹsja); дави́ться (ru) impf (davítʹsja), подави́ться (ru) pf (podavítʹsja) (on food or drink)
- Spanish: sofocar (es), ahogar (es)
- Thai: สำลัก, หายใจติดขัด
- Turkish: bogmak (tr)
- Vietnamese: nghẹn (vi), hóc (vi)
- Welsh: tagu (cy)
prevent someone from breathing by strangling them
to hinder growth of a plant especially as by weeds
choke (plural chokes)
- A control on a carburetor to adjust the air/fuel mixture when the engine is cold.
- (sports) In wrestling, karate (etc.), a type of hold that can result in strangulation.
- A constriction at the muzzle end of a shotgun barrel which affects the spread of the shot.
- A partial or complete blockage (of boulders, mud, etc.) in a cave passage.
- The mass of immature florets in the centre of the bud of an artichoke.
- (electronics) choking coil
- A major mistake at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.
type of hold in wrestling etc.
constriction at a shotgun barrel