artichoke

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English[edit]

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CDC artichoke.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Northern Italian articiocco, from Provençal archichaut, arquichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic اَلْخَرْشُوف(alẖaršúf(a)), from Arabic اَلْخُرْشُوف(al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف(ḵuršūf).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈɑɹ.tɪˌtʃəʊk/
  • (non-rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈɑː.tɪˌtʃəʊk/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

artichoke (plural artichokes)

  1. A plant related to the thistle with enlarged flower heads eaten as a vegetable while immature, Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus.
  2. A dull green colour, like that of an artichoke.
    artichoke colour:  

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elcock, W. D. (1960) The Romance Languages[1], page 282: "Borrowed directly from the Qairawān–Sicily region, without the article, the same Arabic word appears in Italian as carciofo; the Spanish form penetrated, however, into Provence, where it became archichaut, arquichaut, and thence into northern Italy as articiocco".
  2. ^ alcachofa” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.