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From Lombard articioc, from Occitan artichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic الْخَرْشُوف (al-ḵaršūf), from Arabic الْخُرْشُوف (al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف (ḵuršūf).
artichoke (plural artichokes)
- A plant related to the thistle with enlarged flower heads eaten as a vegetable while immature, Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus.
- A dull green colour, like that of an artichoke.
- globe artichoke (edible variety)
- cardoon (wild variety)
- Cynara scolymus (the former taxonomic name)
- Cynara cardunculus (the currently accepted taxonomic name, which also includes cardoons)
- → Bengali: হাতিচোক (haticok)
- → Cantonese: 雅枝竹(洋薊)
- → Hebrew: ארטישוק
- → Hindustani:
- → Indonesian: articok
- → Korean: 아티초크 (atichokeu)
- → Japanese: アーティチョーク
- → South Levantine Arabic: أرضي شوكي
- → Thai: อาติโช๊ค
- ^ Elcock, W. D. (1960) The Romance Languages, page 282: "Borrowed directly from the Qairawān–Sicily region, without the article, the same Arabic word appears in Italian as carciofo; the Spanish form penetrated, however, into Provence, where it became archichaut, arquichaut, and thence into northern Italy as articiocco".
- ^ “alcachofa”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
- ^ artichaut in Dicod'oc