articsóka

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Hungarian[edit]

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articsóka

Etymology[edit]

From Northern Italian articiocco, from Provençal archichaut, arquichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic اَلْخَرْشُوف(alẖaršúf(a)), from Arabic اَلْخُرْشُوف(al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف(ḵuršūf).[1][2] Influenced by Hungarian csóka.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ ˈɒrtit͡ʃoːkɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ar‧ti‧csó‧ka
  • Rhymes: -kɒ

Noun[edit]

articsóka (plural articsókák)

  1. artichoke

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative articsóka articsókák
accusative articsókát articsókákat
dative articsókának articsókáknak
instrumental articsókával articsókákkal
causal-final articsókáért articsókákért
translative articsókává articsókákká
terminative articsókáig articsókákig
essive-formal articsókaként articsókákként
essive-modal
inessive articsókában articsókákban
superessive articsókán articsókákon
adessive articsókánál articsókáknál
illative articsókába articsókákba
sublative articsókára articsókákra
allative articsókához articsókákhoz
elative articsókából articsókákból
delative articsókáról articsókákról
ablative articsókától articsókáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
articsókáé articsókáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
articsókáéi articsókákéi
Possessive forms of articsóka
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. articsókám articsókáim
2nd person sing. articsókád articsókáid
3rd person sing. articsókája articsókái
1st person plural articsókánk articsókáink
2nd person plural articsókátok articsókáitok
3rd person plural articsókájuk articsókáik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elcock, W. D. (1960) The Romance Languages[1], page 282: "Borrowed directly from the Qairawān–Sicily region, without the article, the same Arabic word appears in Italian as carciofo; the Spanish form penetrated, however, into Provence, where it became archichaut, arquichaut, and thence into northern Italy as articiocco".
  2. ^ alcachofa” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.
  3. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN