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Borrowed from Northern Italian articiocco, from Provençal archichaut, arquichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic اَلْخَرْشُوف (alẖaršúf(a)), from Arabic اَلْخُرْشُوف (al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف (ḵuršūf).
- Afrikaans: artisjok
- ^ Elcock, W. D. (1960) The Romance Languages, page 282: "Borrowed directly from the Qairawān–Sicily region, without the article, the same Arabic word appears in Italian as carciofo; the Spanish form penetrated, however, into Provence, where it became archichaut, arquichaut, and thence into northern Italy as articiocco".
- ^ “alcachofa” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.