artisjok

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Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Northern Italian articiocco, from Provençal archichaut, arquichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic اَلْخَرْشُوف(alẖaršúf(a)), from Arabic اَلْخُرْشُوف(al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف(ḵuršūf).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɑr.tiˈʃɔk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ar‧ti‧sjok
  • Rhymes: -ɔk

Noun[edit]

artisjok m (plural artisjokken, diminutive artisjokje n)

  1. artichoke, Cynara scolymus, an edible plant related to the thistle [from 16th c.]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: artisjok

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elcock, W. D. (1960) The Romance Languages[1], page 282: "Borrowed directly from the Qairawān–Sicily region, without the article, the same Arabic word appears in Italian as carciofo; the Spanish form penetrated, however, into Provence, where it became archichaut, arquichaut, and thence into northern Italy as articiocco".
  2. ^ alcachofa” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.