ἄγχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂enǵʰ-. Cognates include Old English enge (whence the first element in English hangnail), Latin angō, Sanskrit अंहु (aṃhu), and Old Armenian անձուկ (anjuk, narrow, tight).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /áŋ.kʰɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈaŋ.kʰo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈaŋ.xo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈaŋ.xo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈaŋ.xo/
  • Verb[edit]

    ἄγχω (ánkhō) (Epic, Attic, Doric, Koine)

    1. (transitive) To compress, press tight, especially the throat
    2. (transitive) To strangle, throttle, choke
    3. (figuratively, transitive) To put pressure on
      • 424 BCE, Aristophanes, The Knights 773–777
        καὶ πῶς ἂν ἐμοῦ μᾶλλόν σε φιλῶν ὦ Δῆμε γένοιτο πολίτης;
        ὃς πρῶτα μὲν ἡνίκ᾽ ἐβούλευον σοὶ χρήματα πλεῖστ᾽ ἀπέδειξα
        ἐν τῷ κοινῷ, τοὺς μὲν στρεβλῶν τοὺς δ᾽ ἄγχων τοὺς δὲ μεταιτῶν,
        οὐ φροντίζων τῶν ἰδιωτῶν οὐδενός, εἰ σοὶ χαριοίμην.
        kaì pôs àn emoû mâllón se philôn ô Dême génoito polítēs?
        hòs prôta mèn hēník᾽ eboúleuon soì khrḗmata pleîst᾽ apédeixa
        en tôi koinôi, toùs mèn streblôn toùs d᾽ ánkhōn toùs dè metaitôn,
        ou phrontízōn tôn idiōtôn oudenós, ei soì kharioímēn.
        • Translation by Eugene O'Neill, Jr.
          Is it possible, Demos, to love you more than I do? And firstly, as long as you have governed with my consent, have I not filled your treasury, putting pressure on some, torturing others or begging of them, indifferent to the opinion of private individuals, and solely anxious to please you?
      • 125 CE – 200 CE, Lucian, The Carousal Symposium or The Lapiths 32

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