ἄγχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂enǵʰ-. Cognates include Old English enge (whence the first element in English hangnail), Latin angō, Sanskrit अंहु(aṃhu), and Old Armenian անձուկ(anjuk, narrow, tight).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἄγχω ‎(ánkhō) (Epic, Attic, Doric, Koine)

  1. (transitive) To compress, press tight, especially the throat
  2. (transitive) To strangle, throttle, choke
  3. (figuratively, transitive) To put pressure on
    • 424 BCE, Aristophanes, The Knights 773–777
      καὶ πῶς ἂν ἐμοῦ μᾶλλόν σε φιλῶν ὦ Δῆμε γένοιτο πολίτης;
      ὃς πρῶτα μὲν ἡνίκ᾽ ἐβούλευον σοὶ χρήματα πλεῖστ᾽ ἀπέδειξα
      ἐν τῷ κοινῷ, τοὺς μὲν στρεβλῶν τοὺς δ᾽ ἄγχων τοὺς δὲ μεταιτῶν,
      οὐ φροντίζων τῶν ἰδιωτῶν οὐδενός, εἰ σοὶ χαριοίμην.
      • Translation by Eugene O'Neill, Jr.
        Is it possible, Demos, to love you more than I do? And firstly, as long as you have governed with my consent, have I not filled your treasury, putting pressure on some, torturing others or begging of them, indifferent to the opinion of private individuals, and solely anxious to please you?
    • 125 CE – 200 CE, Lucian, The Carousal Symposium or The Lapiths 32

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