Borrowing from Old French compresser, from Late Latin compressare (“to press hard/together”), from Latin compressus, the past participle of comprimō (“to compress”), itself from com (“together”) + premō (“press”).
- (transitive) To make smaller; to press or squeeze together, or to make something occupy a smaller space or volume.
- The force required to compress a spring varies linearly with the displacement.
- D. Webster
- events of centuries […] compressed within the compass of a single life
- The same strength of expression, though more compressed, runs through his historical harangues.
- (intransitive) To be pressed together or folded by compression into a more economic, easier format.
- Our new model compresses easily, ideal for storage and travel
- (transitive) To condense into a more economic, easier format.
- This chart compresses the entire audit report into a few lines on a single diagram.
- (transitive) To abridge.
- If you try to compress the entire book into a three-sentence summary, you will lose a lot of information.
- (technology, transitive) To make digital information smaller by encoding it using fewer bits.
- (obsolete) To embrace sexually.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Alexander Pope to this entry?)
- (press together): compact, condense, pack, press, squash, squeeze
- (be pressed together): contract
- (condense, abridge): abridge, condense, shorten, truncate
- (press together): expand
- (be pressed together): decontract
- (condense, abridge): expand, lengthen
- (make computing data smaller): uncompress
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
From Middle French compresse, from compresser 'to compress', from Late Latin compressare 'to press hard/together', from compressus, the past participle of comprimere 'to compress', itself from com- 'together' + premere 'to press'
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɒmpɹɛs/
- (US) enPR: kŏm'prĕs, IPA(key): /ˈkɑmpɹɛs/
Audio (US), noun (file)
compress (plural compresses)
- A multiply folded piece of cloth, a pouch of ice etc., used to apply to a patient's skin, cover the dressing of wounds, and placed with the aid of a bandage to apply pressure on an injury.
- He held a cold compress over the sprain.
- A machine for compressing