squash

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English squachen, squatchen, from Old French esquacher, escachier, from Vulgar Latin *excoāctiāre, from Latin ex + coāctāre. Probably influenced by Middle English quashen, quassen, from Old French esquasser, escasser (to crush, shatter, destroy, break), from Vulgar Latin *exquassare, from Latin ex- + quassare (to shatter) (see quash).

Noun[edit]

A game of squash

squash (countable and uncountable, plural squashes)

  1. (uncountable) A sport played in a walled court with a soft rubber ball and bats like tennis racquets.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “3/19/2”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[2]:
      Ivor had acquired more than a mile of fishing rights with the house; he was not at all a good fisherman, but one must do something; one generally, however, banged a ball with a squash-racket against a wall.
  2. (UK) A soft drink made from a fruit-based concentrate diluted with water.
    Synonyms: cordial, (uncommon) high juice
    • 2006 Feb. 17, Graham Linehan, The IT Crowd, Season 1, Episode 4:
      Sure. I pour hot squash all over myself and we all have a good chuckle. Everyone except Muggins here.
    When I'm thirsty I drink squash; it tastes much nicer than plain water.
  3. A place or a situation where people have limited space to move.
    It's a bit of a squash in this small room.
  4. (biology) A preparation made by placing material on a slide (flat, rectangular piece of glass), covering it and applying pressure.[1]
    Synonym: smear
  5. (obsolete, countable) Something soft and easily crushed; especially, an unripe pod of peas.
  6. (obsolete, countable, derogatory) Something unripe or soft.
  7. (obsolete, countable) A sudden fall of a heavy, soft body; also, a shock of soft bodies.
  8. (slang, professional wrestling) An extremely one-sided, usually short, match.
    • Orr, James (18 August 2014), “WWE SummerSlam 2014: How Twitter reacted to John Cena vs Brock Lesnar”, in (please provide the title of the work)[3], The Independent, retrieved 30 July 2015
      It was one of the most shocking WWE title matches ever witnessed, and effectively a 20-minute squash match as Brock Lesnar "conquered" his opponent.
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

squash (third-person singular simple present squashes, present participle squashing, simple past and past participle squashed)

  1. (transitive) To beat or press into pulp or a flat mass; to crush.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To compress or restrict (oneself) into a small space; to squeeze.
    Somehow, she squashed all her books into her backpack, which was now too heavy to carry.
    We all managed to squash into Mum's tiny car.
  3. (transitive) To suppress; to force into submission.
    • 2006, Chris Rodda, Liars for Jesus, →ISBN, page 390:
      A somewhat popular myth about the Whiskey Rebellion is that Washington personally led the troops into western Pennsylvania and squashed the rebellion.
Quotations[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortening of Narragansett askutasquash ([a vegetable] eaten green (or raw)), from askut (green, raw) +‎ asquash (eaten).[2]

Noun[edit]

Varieties of squash

squash (countable and uncountable, plural squash or squashes)

  1. (botany, countable) A plant and its fruit of any of a few species of the genus Cucurbita, or gourd kind.
    1. Cucurbita maxima, including hubbard squash, great winter squash, buttercup squash, and some varieties of pumpkins.
    2. Cucurbita argyrosperma (syn. Cucurbita mixta), cushaw squash.
    3. Cucurbita moschata, butternut squash, Barbary squash, China squash.
    4. Cucurbita pepo, most pumpkins, acorn squash, summer squash, zucchini.
  2. (botany) Any other similar-looking plant of other genera.
    1. Lagenaria siceraria (syn. Cucurbita verrucosa), calabash, long-neck squash.
  3. (cooking) The edible or decorative fruit of these plants, or this fruit prepared as a dish.
    We ate squash and green beans.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of musquash.

Noun[edit]

squash (plural squashes)

  1. (obsolete, countable) Muskrat.
    • 1705, William Dampier, A Supplement of the Voyage Round the World:
      The squash is a four-footed beast, bigger than a cat.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwin Benzel Steen, Dictionary of Biology, New York: Barnes & Noble, 1971.[1]
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024), “squash”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash inan

  1. squash (sport)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "squash" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈskvoʃ]
  • Rhymes: -oʃ
  • Hyphenation: squash

Noun[edit]

squash m inan (related adjective squashový)

  1. (sports) squash

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • squash in Internetová jazyková příručka

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈskuɑs/, [ˈs̠kuɑ̝s̠]
  • IPA(key): /ˈskuɑʃ/, [ˈs̠kuɑ̝ʃ]
  • Syllabification(key): squ‧ash

Noun[edit]

squash

  1. (sports) squash
    Synonym: kössi

Declension[edit]

Inflection of squash (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative squash squashit
genitive squashin squashien
partitive squashia squasheja
illative squashiin squasheihin
singular plural
nominative squash squashit
accusative nom. squash squashit
gen. squashin
genitive squashin squashien
partitive squashia squasheja
inessive squashissa squasheissa
elative squashista squasheista
illative squashiin squasheihin
adessive squashilla squasheilla
ablative squashilta squasheilta
allative squashille squasheille
essive squashina squasheina
translative squashiksi squasheiksi
abessive squashitta squasheitta
instructive squashein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of squash (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative squashini squashini
accusative nom. squashini squashini
gen. squashini
genitive squashini squashieni
partitive squashiani squashejani
inessive squashissani squasheissani
elative squashistani squasheistani
illative squashiini squasheihini
adessive squashillani squasheillani
ablative squashiltani squasheiltani
allative squashilleni squasheilleni
essive squashinani squasheinani
translative squashikseni squasheikseni
abessive squashittani squasheittani
instructive
comitative squasheineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative squashisi squashisi
accusative nom. squashisi squashisi
gen. squashisi
genitive squashisi squashiesi
partitive squashiasi squashejasi
inessive squashissasi squasheissasi
elative squashistasi squasheistasi
illative squashiisi squasheihisi
adessive squashillasi squasheillasi
ablative squashiltasi squasheiltasi
allative squashillesi squasheillesi
essive squashinasi squasheinasi
translative squashiksesi squasheiksesi
abessive squashittasi squasheittasi
instructive
comitative squasheinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative squashimme squashimme
accusative nom. squashimme squashimme
gen. squashimme
genitive squashimme squashiemme
partitive squashiamme squashejamme
inessive squashissamme squasheissamme
elative squashistamme squasheistamme
illative squashiimme squasheihimme
adessive squashillamme squasheillamme
ablative squashiltamme squasheiltamme
allative squashillemme squasheillemme
essive squashinamme squasheinamme
translative squashiksemme squasheiksemme
abessive squashittamme squasheittamme
instructive
comitative squasheinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative squashinne squashinne
accusative nom. squashinne squashinne
gen. squashinne
genitive squashinne squashienne
partitive squashianne squashejanne
inessive squashissanne squasheissanne
elative squashistanne squasheistanne
illative squashiinne squasheihinne
adessive squashillanne squasheillanne
ablative squashiltanne squasheiltanne
allative squashillenne squasheillenne
essive squashinanne squasheinanne
translative squashiksenne squasheiksenne
abessive squashittanne squasheittanne
instructive
comitative squasheinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative squashinsa squashinsa
accusative nom. squashinsa squashinsa
gen. squashinsa
genitive squashinsa squashiensa
partitive squashiaan
squashiansa
squashejaan
squashejansa
inessive squashissaan
squashissansa
squasheissaan
squasheissansa
elative squashistaan
squashistansa
squasheistaan
squasheistansa
illative squashiinsa squasheihinsa
adessive squashillaan
squashillansa
squasheillaan
squasheillansa
ablative squashiltaan
squashiltansa
squasheiltaan
squasheiltansa
allative squashilleen
squashillensa
squasheilleen
squasheillensa
essive squashinaan
squashinansa
squasheinaan
squasheinansa
translative squashikseen
squashiksensa
squasheikseen
squasheiksensa
abessive squashittaan
squashittansa
squasheittaan
squasheittansa
instructive
comitative squasheineen
squasheinensa

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash m (plural squashs)

  1. (sports) (uncountable) squash
    jouer au squashto play squash
  2. squash game
    On s’est fait deux squashs aujourd’hui.
    We've played two games of squash today.
  3. squash court
    La ville a construit trois squashs municipaux.
    The town has built three municipal squash courts.

Further reading[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash m (definite singular squashen, indefinite plural squasher, definite plural squashene)

  1. squash (fruit)
  2. squash (sport)
  3. squash (soft drink)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash m (definite singular squashen, indefinite plural squashar, definite plural squashane)

  1. squash (fruit)
  2. squash (sport)
  3. squash (soft drink)

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash m inan

  1. squash (sport)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • squash in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English squash.

Noun[edit]

squash m (uncountable)

  1. squash (sport)

Further reading[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English squash.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash m inan (genitive singular squashu, declension pattern of stroj)

  1. squash (sport)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • squash”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash c

  1. (sports) squash

Declension[edit]

Declension of squash 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative squash squashen
Genitive squashs squashens

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

squash c

  1. (botany) squash (plant and fruit)
    Synonym: zucchini

Declension[edit]

Declension of squash 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative squash squashen squasher squasherna
Genitive squashs squashens squashers squashernas

References[edit]