esmagar

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Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably a derivative with the prefix es-, from Latin ex-, of maga (guts of fish), from Proto-Germanic *magô (stomach) and cognate of English maw.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esmagar (first-person singular present esmago, first-person singular preterite esmaguei, past participle esmagado)

  1. to crush, press
  2. to squeeze
  3. (figuratively) to oppress (politically or economically)
    • 1812, Ramón Mariño Paz (ed.), Estudio fonético, ortográfico e morfolóxico de textos do prerrexurdimento galego (1805-1837). Santiago de Compostela: USC, page 168:
      todas esas gavelas con que nos esmagaban desde hai tanto tempo
      all those taxes with which they oppressed us since so long ago

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • esmagar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • esmagar” in Santamarina, Antón (coord.): Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega. <http://ilg.usc.es/TILG/>
  • esmagar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega. <http://ilg.usc.es/Tesouro>
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. amagar.
  2. ^ Da Cunha, Antônio Geraldo (1982). Dicionário etimológico Nova Fronteira da língua portuguesa, s.v. esmagar.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Old Provençal esmaiar, from Vulgar Latin *exmagare (to deprive (someone) of strength, to disable), from Latin ex- + *magare (to enable, empower), from Proto-Germanic *maginą, *maganą (might, power).

Cognate with English dismay.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esmagar (first-person singular present indicative esmago, past participle esmagado)

  1. to crush (to overwhelm by pressure or weight)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]