es-

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ex. Doublet of ex-.

Prefix[edit]

es-

  1. indicates movement away or separation
    es- + ‎fulla (leaf) → ‎esfullar (to remove leaves from)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin ex-.

Prefix[edit]

es-

  1. indicates movement away or separation

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin ex.

Prefix[edit]

es-

  1. indicates movement away or separation
  2. variant of a-

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: é-

Spanish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

es-

  1. indicates separation
    es- + ‎coger → ‎escoger
  2. indicates removal or elimination
    es- + ‎pulga → ‎espulgar
  3. indicates intensification
    es- + ‎forzar → ‎esforzar

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

es-

  1. out, ex-
    es- + ‎plygu (fold) → ‎esblygu (evolve)
    Synonyms: all-, ech-

Usage notes[edit]

This element also appears in words borrowed from Latin, such as esbonio (explain), estron (foreign), and estyn (extend), where it corresponds to Latin ex-.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
es- unchanged unchanged hes-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-) , “es-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  • J. Morris Jones, A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative (Oxford 1913), § 156 i (15)