-se

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -sen (verbal ending), from Old English -sian (verbal ending), from Proto-Germanic *-isōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Creates denominatives from adjective or nouns.
  2. When attached to certain adjectives, it forms a transitive verb whose meaning is, to make (adjective). The same construction could also be done to certain (fewer) nouns, as, bless, in which case the verb means roughly, to make bloody/sanctify.

Usage notes[edit]

  • No longer productive.

Derived terms[edit]

verbal suffix

Anagrams[edit]

Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. (auxiliary) Negative simple present and past tense aspect marker.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the inflected form of the suffix -s, denoting characteristic.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-se f (plural -sen)

  1. Suffix denoting a female inhabitant of a place.

Antonyms[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. accusative/genitive singular of -ne

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-se

  1. (colloquial, regional) Contraction of sie or Sie after a verb.
    will siewillse

Guaraní[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Used to form the desiderative of verbs: want (to do); hope (to do)
    Ndakei.
    I don't want to sleep.

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -sa (broad form)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Alternative form of -sa (used after palatalized consonants and front vowels:)

Derived terms[edit]

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. vocative masculine singular of -sus

Ligurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin .

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Appended to present infinitive verb forms to derive reflexive forms
    ciamâ (to call) + ‎-se → ‎ciamâse (to call oneself; to be called)

Derived terms[edit]

Ojibwe[edit]

Final[edit]

-se

  1. fly
  2. fall
  3. having something happen quickly or spontaneously

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • -bide (drive, speed, fly, fall in, inanimate subject)
  • -bizo (drive, speed, fly, fall in, animate subject)

References[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Alternative form of -sa (used after slender consonants and front vowels)

See also[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. -self, -selves (emphatic)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Sidamo[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

-se

  1. her

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kazuhiro Kawachi (2007) A grammar of Sidaama (Sidamo), a Cushitic language of Ethiopia, page 383

Turkish[edit]

preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / İ / Ö / Ü
-sa -se

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishـسا(-sa), ⁧ـس(-se), evolved from the verb Proto-Turkic *sā- or *sā(j)- (to count, to consider, to desire something, to count something among one's wishes).[1][2][3] Cognates with Azerbaijani -sa, -sə, Karakhanidـسا⁩, ⁧ـسه⁩.

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Form of -sa after the vowels E / İ / Ö / Ü.


preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / İ / Ö / Ü
-sa -se

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishـسه(-sa, -se), from Old Turkic *-sar, from Proto-Turkic *-sar or *-sa, where the "r" was gradually omitted over time.[3][4] Cognate with Old Uyghur *-sar.

Suffix[edit]

-se

  1. Form of -sa after the vowels E / İ / Ö / Ü.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), "+sA" - in Nişanyan Sözlük
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*sā(j)-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bulak, Şahap. "TÜRKÇEDE +sA- İSİMDEN FİİL YAPMA EKİ." Electronic Turkish Studies 7.3 (2012).
  4. ^ Benzer, Ahmet. "-sA Ekinin İşlevleri ve Dilek-Şart Ayrımı." Selçuk Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Dergisi 28 (2010): 131-140.