-kki

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-kkei, cognate with Estonian -k(i). Equivalent to -kka +‎ -i, and originally allomorphic with some uses of -kko (see -o).

Suffix[edit]

-kki

  1. Creates action nouns from verbs.
    levikki ‎(circulation of a newspaper), from levitä ‎(to spread)
    menekki ‎(sales, demand), from mennä (kaupaksi) ‎(to sell)
    hävikki ‎(loss (accounting)), from hävitä ‎(to disappear. lose)
  2. Creates diminutive nouns from verb that indicate the object of an action.
    ajokki ‎(vehicle), from ajaa ‎(to drive)
    hoidokki ‎(patient), from hoitaa ‎(to care)
    lemmikki ‎(pet), from lempiä ‎(to love)
  3. Creates nouns that indicate similarity, allegory or diminutiveness. The relationship is sometimes obscure.
    valokki, from valo ‎(light)
    hanhikki, from hanhi ‎(goose)
    punikki ‎(socialist (derogatory)), from punainen ‎(red)
    seitikki ‎(webcap), from seitti ‎(gossamer, fine thread)
    tyräkki
  4. Creates female given names, especially for cows.
    Ainokki, from ainoa ‎(only)
    Mielikki, from mieliä ‎(to desire)
    Mustikki, from musta ‎(black)
    Sarvikki, from sarvi ‎(horn)
    Tuulikki, from tuuli ‎(wind)

Usage notes[edit]

In some cases the usage is largely synonymous with -kko. As an example, the noun asukki ‎(inhabitant, often unwanted or temporary one) from the verb asua ‎(to live in) might as well be asukko.

Derived terms[edit]