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-kka +‎ -i, cognate with Estonian -k(i). Originally allomorphic with -kko (see -o).



  1. Creates action nouns from verbs, or the object of an action.
    levikki (circulation of a newspaper), from levitä (to spread)
    menekki (sales, demand), from mennä (kaupaksi) (to sell)
    ajokki (vehicle), from ajaa (to drive)
    hoidokki (patient), from hoitaa (to care)
    lemmikki (pet), from lempiä (to love)
    hävikki (loss (accounting)), from hävitä (to disappear. lose)
  2. Creates nouns that indicate similarity, allegory or diminutiveness. The relationship is sometimes obscure.
    valokki, from valo (light)
    hanhikki, from hanhi (goose)
    punikki (socialist (derogatory)), from punainen (red)
    seitikki (webcap), from seitti (gossamer, fine thread)
    Tuulikki (female given name), from tuuli (wind)

Usage notes[edit]

In some cases the usage is confused with -kko. As an example the noun asukki (inhabitant, often unwanted or temporary one) from the verb asua (to live in) might as well be asukko.

Derived terms[edit]