-sam

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German -sam, from samo (the same) and also sama (similary). From Proto-Germanic *samaz, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós. Cognate with English -some and Dutch -zaam.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zaːm/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /zam/ (regional; including western Germany)

Suffix[edit]

-sam

  1. Used to form adjectives from verbs, nouns, and other adjectives; expressing similarity or the possession of a quality.
    Tugend (virtue) + ‎-sam → ‎tugendsam (of virtue, virtuous)
    aufmerken (to observe) + ‎-sam → ‎aufmerksam (observant, attentive)
    lang (long, lengthy) + ‎-sam → ‎langsam (slow)
  2. Used to form adjectives from verbs; expressing the ability to undergo some action.
    biegen (to bend) + ‎-sam → ‎biegsam (flexible, bendable)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix is now of very limited productivity at most.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (ability to undergo some action): -bar; -abel

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sam

  1. accusative feminine singular of -sus

Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sam

  1. -some; creating adjectives, mostly out of nouns

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]