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U+4E11, 丑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E11

[U+4E10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E12]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
丑-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓土 (NG), four-corner 17105)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 77, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23
  • Dae Jaweon: page 154, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 12, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E11

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
丑-oracle.svg 丑-bronze.svg 丑-bigseal.svg 丑-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nuː
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *tnuʔ
*nuʔ, *nus
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *nuɡ
*nuʔ, *n̥ʰuʔ
*nuʔ
*snu
*n̥ʰuʔ
*njuʔ, *nuɡ
*njuʔ
*nuɡ, *njuɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[n̥]ruʔ/
English 2d earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1526
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. second of twelve earthly branches (十二支): ox () of Chinese zodiac
  2. clown; comedian

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ugly”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. 1:00 AM to 3:00 AM.
  2. The ox, the second sign of Chinese zodiac.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chuk, chu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: chuk, chu, McCune-Reischauer: ch'uk, ch'u)
  • Name (hangeul): , 이름 (revised: so, ileum, McCune-Reischauer: so, irǔm)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sửu, giấu, sấu, xấu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]