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See also:
U+4E11, 丑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E11

[U+4E10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E12]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
丑-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 1, +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓土 (NG), four-corner 17105, composition)

Usage notes[edit]

In Mainland China's Modern Chinese General Chinese Characters Stroke Order Standard (现代汉语通用字笔顺规范) and A Standard Dictionary of Current Chinese (现代汉语规范词典), the third stroke touches the first stroke (相接 (xiāngjiē)) but does not cross over it. In the Taiwan, Japan and Hong Kong standards, the third stroke crosses over the first stroke (相交 (xiāngjiāo)).

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 77, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23
  • Dae Jaweon: page 154, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 12, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E11

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
丑-oracle.svg 丑-bronze.svg 丑-seal.svg 丑-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nuː
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *tnuʔ
*nuʔ, *nus
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *nuɡ
*nuʔ, *n̥ʰuʔ
*nuʔ
*snu
*n̥ʰuʔ
*njuʔ, *nuɡ
*njuʔ
*nuɡ, *njuɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a hand.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[n̥]ruʔ/
English 2d earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1526
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. second of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
  2. ox () of Chinese zodiac
  3. clown; comedian
Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ugly”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. 1:00 AM to 3:00 AM.
  2. The ox, the second sign of Chinese zodiac.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
うし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From (ushi, bull; cow; ox)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana うし, rōmaji Ushi)

  1. the Ox, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (trhjuwX)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ちゅう, rōmaji Chū, historical hiragana ちう)

  1. the Ox, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chuk, chu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: chuk, chu, McCune–Reischauer: ch'uk, ch'u)
    • Name (hangeul): , 이름 (revised: so, ileum, McCune–Reischauer: so, irǔm)
  1. clown, comedian
  2. 2nd terrestrial branch

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sửu, giấu, sấu, xấu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]