Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+5857, 塗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5857

[U+5856]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5858]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水木土 (EDG), four-corner 38104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 235, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5338
  • Dae Jaweon: page 473, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 474, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5857

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rlaː, *l'aː): phonetic  (OC *l'aː, *l'a) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dù - verb;
  • tù - noun.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thô͘ - vernacular (noun);
    • tô͘ - literary (verb).
    Note: tou5 - “mud, shoal, earth, ground”.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (7) (11)
    Final () (23) (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duo/ /ɖˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duo/ /ɖᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /do/ /ȡa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɔ/ /ɖaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /do/ /ȡa/
    Wang
    Li
    /du/ /ȡa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuo/ /ȡʱa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chá
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ du › ‹ du ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁa/ /*lˁa/
    English to plaster road

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 15751 15774
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𡨀
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rlaː/ /*l'aː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. mud
    2. shoal
    3. to daub; to smear; to apply; to paint
    4. to cross out
    5. to scribble; to scrawl over
    6. (Min Nan) earth
    7. (Min Nan) ground
    8. A surname​.

    Usage notes[edit]

    This surname ( ()) is different from the surname () or the surname ()

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. paint

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぬり, rōmaji nuri)

    1. Alternative spelling of 塗り

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune–Reischauer to)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đồ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.