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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿人一木 (TOMD), four-corner 44904)

  1. bitter vegetable
  2. thistle
  3. common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus)
  4. bitter (taste)
  5. cruel
  6. flowering grass in profusion

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1032, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1492, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3221, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+837C

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale tou4)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin
Zhuyin ㄊㄨˊ
IPA (key) /tʰu³⁵/

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. (archaic) Sonchus oleraceus
  2. (archaic) Ixeris chinensis
  3. (archaic) Ixeris denticulata

Usage notes[edit]

  • 荼 can refer to one of several types of bitter tasting vegetables. Early Chinese texts are rather vague in their description. This makes it difficult to determine which species it originally referred to.

External links[edit]

  • "國語辭典" (in Chinese), URL accessed on 23 Nov, 2007.
  • "苦菜" (in Mandarin), Baidu.com. URL accessed on 23 Nov, 2007.
  • "Ixeris chinensis" (in English), URL accessed on 23 Nov, 2007.

Min Nan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ tô·)

  1. (archaic) Sonchus oleraceus
  2. (archaic) Ixeris chinensis
  3. (archaic) I. denticulata

Usage notes[edit]

  • 荼 can refer to one of several types of bitter tasting vegetables. Early Chinese texts are rather vague in their description. This makes it difficult to determine which species it originally referred to.

External links[edit]

  • "國語辭典" (in Chinese), URL accessed on 23 Nov, 2007.
  • "苦菜" (in Mandarin), Baidu.com. URL accessed on 23 Nov, 2007.
  • "Ixeris chinensis" (in English), URL accessed on 23 Nov, 2007.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồ, dưa, giưa)