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U+837C, 荼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-837C

[U+837B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+837D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿人一木 (TOMD), four-corner 44904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1032, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1492, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3221, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+837C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
荼-bigseal.svg 荼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
lja, *laː
rlaː
rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
rlaː
rlaː, *l'aː
ɦlja
hljaː
hljaː, *la
hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
hljaːʔ
hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
hljaːs
l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
l̥ʰaː
l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
l'aː
l'aː
l'aː
l'aː, *la
l'aː, *l'a
l'aː
l'aː
l'aː, *l̥ʰa
l'aː
lja
lja
ljaʔ
ljaʔ
l'a, *l'as
rla
rla
rla
ɦlja, *la
hljaː
hlja
la
la
la
la
la
las

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3 1/3 2/3
Initial () (11) (7) (27)
Final () (98) (23) (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠa/ /duo/ /ʑia/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚa/ /duo/ /ʑia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡa/ /do/ /ʑia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨ/ /dɔ/ /ʑia/
Li
Rong
/ȡa/ /do/ /d͡ʑia/
Wang
Li
/ȡa/ /du/ /d͡ʑĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱa/ /dʱuo/ /d͡ʑʰi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chá shé
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chá
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræ ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˤra/
English (name of a plant)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3 2/3
No. 15748 15776 15761
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𡨀
Old
Chinese
/*rlaː/ /*l'aː/ /*ɦlja/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a type of bitter vegetable, of Sonchus or Lactuca
  2. (figuratively) pain; suffering
  3. white flower of cogon grass or reed
Usage notes[edit]
  • can refer to one of several types of bitter tasting vegetables. Early Chinese texts are rather vague in their description. This makes it difficult to determine which species it originally referred to.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Pronunciation 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồ, dưa, giưa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.